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  1. #1
    Bmack is offline Newbie
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    Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    Determine which of the following bracketed sequences in the
    sentences form constituents.
    a. If a bracketed sequence is not a constituent, support your answer by
    demonstrating this with two constituency tests that indicate the non constituency
    of the sequence.
    b. If a bracketed sequence is a constituent, support your answer with one
    Constituency test that demonstrates this.



    1. [The tragedy] upset the entire family.
    This is a constituent because after using the stand alone test I see that this sentence can be used to answer a question. For example “What upset the entire family?” can be answered with “the tragedy”. So it is a constituent

    2. The environmental [movement is gaining momentum.]
    This is not a constituent because after using two test. The move as a unit test Preposing (Psuedoclefting): this sentence can not move as a unit. [movement is gaining momentum.] The environmental, does not work.
    The second test I used is the stand alone test. [movement is gaining momentum.] does not work alone, and it can not answer any questions

    3. The goslings [swam across] the lake.
    This is not a constituent, after using two test, first the stand alone which shows that
    “Swam across” can not stand alone it is a fragment, and can not answer any questions. The second test conducted is the move as a unit. Swam across the lake the goslings is not grammatical.


    I am not really certain. Please advise.

  2. #2
    Anglika is offline No Longer With Us
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    Re: Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    Looks good to me.

  3. #3
    Bmack is offline Newbie
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    Re: Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    Quote Originally Posted by Anglika View Post
    Looks good to me.

    Really? Good.

  4. #4
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    Re: Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    Hi

    I have a simillar problem, could you please help me.

    Is the bracketed phrase a constituent or not? Use 3 const. tests to justify your answer.

    On leaving the ferry, his car [collided with the other car] coming from the opposite direction.



    Thank you for your quick help! :)

  5. #5
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    Soup is offline VIP Member
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    Re: Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    Quote Originally Posted by hazeleyedgirl View Post
    Hi

    I have a simillar problem, could you please help me.

    Is the bracketed phrase a constituent or not? Use 3 const. tests to justify your answer.

    On leaving the ferry, his car [collided with the other car] coming from the opposite direction.

    Thank you for your quick help! :)
    See a list of constituency tests here Constituent (linguistics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and here http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Ling...nstituency.pdf

  6. #6
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    Re: Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    Thank you for your reply. but could anyone do it for me? so I will be sure that I got it right.

    Thank you!

  7. #7
    Anglika is offline No Longer With Us
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    Re: Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    Quote Originally Posted by hazeleyedgirl View Post
    Thank you for your reply. but could anyone do it for me? so I will be sure that I got it right.

    Thank you!
    You do the work, we do the commenting

  8. #8
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    Re: Did I use the constituency test correctly? Please help/

    I don't have any idea but I'll try ;)

    1. Fronting:

    on leaving the ferry, [collided with the other car] his car coming from the opposite direction.

    2. do-so substitution:

    On leaving the ferry, his car [collided with the other car] coming from opposite direction and mine did not [do so] coming coming from opposite direction.

    Nothing comes to my mind :(

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