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  1. #1
    mizatavares is offline Newbie
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    Default putting, stopping startting??

    Can anyone please tell me, when this rule doesnt apply?
    E.g.

    t -- tt ; p -- pp

    so put -- putting
    stop -- stopping

    but help is helping , read is reading.

    Why??

    Thanks a million

  2. #2
    naomimalan is offline Member
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    Default Re: putting, stopping startting??

    Quote Originally Posted by mizatavares View Post
    Can anyone please tell me, when this rule doesnt apply?
    E.g.

    t -- tt ; p -- pp

    so put -- putting
    stop -- stopping

    but help is helping , read is reading.

    Why??

    Thanks a million
    Doubling the consonant doesn't depend on what the last letter is. For example, your third word is incorrectly spelt/spelled. It should be "starting", not "startting". If you look at the rule below, you will understand why:

    You double the final consonant before -ing and -ed if:
    - the word has one syllable and ends in consonant, vowel, consonant. This is the case for your verbs "put" and "stop".

    Other examples: plan - planned; rob - robbed

    The same rule applies for comparatives and superlatives: hot, hotter, hottest.

    You also double the last consonant if:
    -the verb has more than one syllable and has the stress on the last syllable: beGIN - beginning; preFER - preferred
    (In British English, you double the consonant if the word ends in "l" even if the stress is not on the last syllable: TRAvel - travelled; CANcel - cancelling.)

    There are one or two other helpful rules but you could start with these ones.
    Last edited by naomimalan; 31-Mar-2008 at 13:32.

  3. #3
    Snowcake's Avatar
    Snowcake is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: putting, stopping startting??

    1. two-syllable words:

    If the stress is on the first syllable, the word only gets one consonant:

    hap-pen - happening

    vi-sit - visiting

    (stress on the second syllable --> double the consonant! : admit - admitting)

    2. If the word ends in a double consonant, only add -ing / -ed.

    As in:

    help - helping.

    3.
    If the word ens in 2 vowels and a consonant, only add -ing/-ed

    read - reading

    dream - dreaming


    Hope this helps
    Snowcake

  4. #4
    engee30's Avatar
    engee30 is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: putting, stopping startting??

    Never ever double the last consonant where the consonant is represented by w, x, or y:

    bow - bowed/bowing
    borrow - borrowed/borrowing
    low - lower/lowest
    box - boxed/boxing
    play - played/playing

  5. #5
    mizatavares is offline Newbie
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    Talking Re: putting, stopping startting??

    Thank you, all of you.
    Very clear now

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