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    • Join Date: Apr 2008
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    #1

    disappearance of 'in'?

    In the following sentence:

    They have difficulty in making decisions, are troubled by ambiguity, and feel pressure from both groups.

    What is the reason that the presence or absence of the preposition 'in' doesn't affect the meaning?

    Thanks!

  1. banderas's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: disappearance of 'in'?

    Quote Originally Posted by dante1024 View Post
    In the following sentence:

    They have difficulty in making decisions, are troubled by ambiguity, and feel pressure from both groups.

    What is the reason that the presence or absence of the preposition 'in' doesn't affect the meaning?

    Thanks!
    This is a good point.They have difficulty making decisions=they are in the process of making decisions and have difficulty.
    They have difficulty in making decisions=they are not necessarilly in the process of doing it. You sometimes have to use "in" though.
    They have difficulty in finance.


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    #3

    Re: disappearance of 'in'?

    Quote Originally Posted by banderas View Post
    This is a good point.They have difficulty making decisions=they are in the process of making decisions and have difficulty.
    They have difficulty in making decisions=they are not necessarilly in the process of doing it. You sometimes have to use "in" though.
    They have difficulty in finance.
    I don't really understand, do you mean there are different meanings between them? And when do we need 'in'?

  2. banderas's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: disappearance of 'in'?

    Quote Originally Posted by dante1024 View Post
    I don't really understand, do you mean there are different meanings between them? And when do we need 'in'?
    Grammarian purists migh say they are slightly different but I am not one of them.
    Certainly you need "in" when you have difficulty in (a noun).
    You can not say:
    I have difficulty finance, can you? You need "in" here.


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    #5

    Re: disappearance of 'in'?

    I see, thanks!

  3. beaverbeaver's Avatar

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    #6

    Re: disappearance of 'in'?

    this is just a hunch ,

    we MUST use in if we're talking about something specific, a certain field/place/etc

    but if it's gerund or activity or action, like in the first post "making dec.." which is a gerund, then it's up to you , if you see making dec as a "particular Field of expertise" then you use IN , if you see it only as an activity then you can omit the in .

    Like this :
    Activity, not a specific field : reading, writing, watching tv
    specific field : landscaping, modeling<the modeling business>, etc

    just guessing after saying the sentences out loud ....silly me

    Beavercanal Land English Community

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