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    anirusso is offline Newbie
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    Default "Do" & "Make" Verbs

    hello teacher, please explain in which cases are used verb "to do" and wich cases are used "to make". thank you in advance. Anirusso.

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    Dawood Usmani's Avatar
    Dawood Usmani is offline Senior Member
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    Thumbs up Re: Do & Make verbs

    Quote Originally Posted by anirusso View Post
    hello teacher, please explain in which cases are used verb "to do" and wich cases are used "to make". thank you in advance. Anirusso.
    It is not always easy to choose between "do" and "make".
    Do can be an auxiliary verb (Do you like coffee?) or a main verb (I did my homework yesterday.). As an auxiliary verb, it has no meaning. It is necessary only for the grammatical structure. As a main verb it has a meaning, but the meaning is rather general. It often expresses a general activity.
    Make is not an auxiliary verb. It is always a main verb (I made a cake yesterday.). Its meaning is also rather general, but it often expresses the idea of construction or creation.
    Do for general activity
    When we talk about a general activity but do not say what it is, we can use do:
    • I want to do something.
    • What are you doing this evening?
    • What can we do?
    • Do it now!
    Do for work
    We usually use do to talk about work:
    • What do you do? (= What is your job?)
    • Who does your shopping?
    • I don't want to do any work today.
    • I hate doing the washing up.
    • Have you done your homework?
    Note that we sometimes use do to replace another more exact verb (but only when the meaning is clear from the situation). This is very informal.
    • do the lawn (cut/mow? sow? the lawn)
    • do my room (tidy? paint? my room)
    • do the car (wash? paint? repair? the car)
    Make

    Make for construction
    Make often expresses the idea of construction or creation:
    • I'll make a cake for Anthony's birthday.
    • This car was made in France.
    • Did you make this table yourself?
    Remember that we usually use make for products or goods that are manufactured. That's why you see labels like "Made in Hong Kong" or "Made in the USA" on products that you buy.
    Now compare:
    • Do the shopping. (We don't really create anything. We just "do" an activity.)
    • Make a cake. (We really create something.)
    In the next example, notice how we use make for creation (the cake) and then use do (for the general activity) even though we're really talking about the same thing:
    • I must make Anthony's cake. I'll do it now.
    Expressions with Do and Make

    Here are some expressions that you should learn. Notice that as main verbs we use make more often than do:
    • do good
    • do harm
    • do well
    • do badly
    • do a favour
    • do business
    • make an attempt
    • make a bed (usually this means "tidy the bedclothes" but it could mean "manufacture the furniture")
    • make a change/changes
    • make a complaint
    • make a decision
    • make a demand
    • make an effort
    • make an exception
    • make an excuse
    • make a loss
    • make love
    • make a mistake
    • make money
    • make a noise
    • make an offer
    • make peace
    • make a phone call
    • make a profit
    • make a suggestion
    • make war
    Hope this helps!
    Best regards!
    Dawood
    Last edited by Dawood Usmani; 10-Apr-2008 at 10:47.

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