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  1. #1
    Lenka is offline Senior Member
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    Default questions - have to/must, article, mistakes

    I need your help. I have some questions + I would like you to find mistakes in the text below.
    Here Iíll write the questions:
    1)Öyou must tell the policeÖ - could we use HAVE TO intead?
    2)Must I be a slave to my mobile? Ė could I write Do I have toÖ instead? I learned that have to is used to express a necesarry of a rule or of outside authority and must is used to say I myself find it necesarry and I want to do it. If I must/have to (?) be a slave to my mobile, I think I donít think it is necesarry. If I thought it was necesarry i wouldnít call it Ąto be a slaveď.
    3)But it was in bad condition.
    -why there isnít the article A? I mean like this: But it was in a bad condition.

    3)correct the mistakes:
    Holidays in January in the Czech Republic

    In the Czech Republic, there is just the middle of the winter in January, so the weather is quite cold and you have to wear warm clothes. The best is to wear a coat, warm shoes, mittens or gloves and a cap. You donít have to wear the mittens and the cap, but youíll see youíll probably prefer to wear them. If you like skiing, you have a lot of possibilities here, when itís winter. You should wear trousers and a jacket for skiing
    You can do a lot of things in the Czech Republic, even if it is just January. First of all, the well known sport you can practise here is skiing. But you can try any other winter sports, of course. If you donít like winter sports, you can go for example swimming to spa towns (or any other with swimming pools). If you donít like sports at all, you can for instance visit some of our museums. You could also visit our castles, but they arenít ussually opened in winter. And of course, you can always simply walk and watch all the nice nature (or beatiful historical town streets) covered by snow.
    There isnít any special food or there also arenĎt any special drinks that Czech people drink only in Janury, but I can mention some food and drinks people eat and drink. Well, I will start with drinks. It is more usual that people drink better hot drinks in winter, such as hot chocolate, coffe, tea, mull etc. It is also good to drink juices, because this season, people havenít got enough vitamins. Our national meal is probably pork with dumplings and sauerkraut. By the way, it is my favourite meal.

    3a)Do you think it would be better to write: open instead of opened?
    3b)People prefer to drink instead of people drink?
    Are there some other mistakes?

    Lenka

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    1- Must & have to are often interchangeable. 'Have to' is sometimes used to show that the authority is external and not from the speaker.

  3. #3
    Lenka is offline Senior Member
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    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    1- Must & have to are often interchangeable. 'Have to' is sometimes used to show that the authority is external and not from the speaker.
    Well, if have to is used to show that the authority is external, why are the sentences I wrote correct?
    1)Öyou must tell the policeÖ
    2)Must I be a slave to my mobile?

    And what about the other questoins I ask? Can you answer them?

    Lenka

  4. #4
    Lenka is offline Senior Member
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    Please, can someone try to answer?
    Lenka

  5. #5
    Lenka is offline Senior Member
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    Well, so can you at least answer the third question? How can I learn English when I don't know the answers of my questions?

  6. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by Lenka
    Well, so can you at least answer the third question? How can I learn English when I don't know the answers of my questions?
    3a. open
    3b. prefer

  7. #7
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    Default Re: questions - have to/must, article, mistakes

    Quote Originally Posted by Lenka
    I need your help. I have some questions, plus I would like you to find mistakes in the text below.

    Here are my questions:

    1) You must tell the police.

    Is it possible to use have to instead of must?
    Both must and have to express a necessity, so, yes, 'have to tell the police' is possible. :D

    Here's a site that explains the meaning of English Modals. Click here.

    Quote Originally Posted by Lenka
    2) Must I be a slave to my mobile?

    Is it possible to use Do I have to... instead of Must I be...? I learned that have to is used to express a necesarry of a rule or of outside authority, whereas must is used to say, I myself find it necessary and I want to do it. I don't think "I must/have to be a slave to my mobile" expresses necessity. If I thought it was necessary, I wouldnít call it "to be a slave".
    In this context, notably a question, Modal Must is used to express irony. It's used humorously or sarcastically to express a different or opposite tendency, like this,

    EX: Must you slam the door? :x
    Is it necessary to slam the door? Is there some requirement I don't know about that says you have to slam the door?)

    EX: Must I do eveything around here?
    Is it necessary that I do everything around here? Is there some requirement that I don't know about that says I have to do everything?

    EX: Must I be a slave?
    Is it necessary to be a slave? Is there some requirement that I don't know about that says I have to be a slave?

    Quote Originally Posted by Lenka
    3)But it was in bad condition.

    Why isn't there an article before bad e.g., But it was in a bad condition?
    The difference in meaning is rather slight:

    A. It was in a bad condition.
    => It was in a specific condition, that condition being bad)

    B. It was in bad condition.
    => Its condition, in general, is bad.

    Quote Originally Posted by Lenka
    3) Please correct the mistakes:

    Holidays in January in the Czech Republic

    It's January in the Czech Republic which means we are in the middle of the winter. The temperatures are quite low at this time of year, so you should wear warm clothes. A coat, warm shoes, mittens or gloves, and a cap are the best things to wear. We donít usually have to wear mittens or a cap, but you might prefer to wear them. If you like skiing, you should wear trousers and a jacket.

    There are a lot of things to do in the Czech Republic, even in January. First of all, you can practice skiing, a well-known sport here. [b]If skiing doesn't interest you[/u], you can of course try other winter attractions such as swimming at one of the spa towns and visiting our museums and castles. Some of the castles are not open in the winter, but you can take a nature walk or experience the beauty of the snow-covered streets in our historical towns.

    Our national meal is probably pork with dumplings and sauerkraut, which is my favourite meal. There isnít really any special type of food or drink that Czech people eat or drink in January, but people [b]feel its best to drink hot drinks in the winter, such as hot chocolate, coffee, tea, mull, and so on. It is also a good idea to drink juices loaded with vitamin C because during the cold winter months people are usually indoors and out of the sun's reach.

    You should add a concluding paragraph. :wink:
    Quote Originally Posted by Lenka
    3a)Do you think it would be better to write: open instead of opened?
    3b)People prefer to drink instead of people drink?
    Are there some other mistakes?
    3a) Some of the castles are not open in the winter. (Adjective)

    3b)
    People prefer to drink... (Statement of Preference)
    People drink... (Statement of Fact)

    All the best, :D

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