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  1. #11
    hela is offline Senior Member
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      • Student or Learner
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      • Arabic
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      • Tunisia
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      • Tunisia
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    Dear teachers,

    I’d like you to be very patient with me because though I studied your explanations very carefully regarding the way to identify some stce elements, I still have difficulties -in some cases- deciding which one is which.

    So would you please look at my work and tell me what is wrong and why?

    1) A crowd of people came into the room.
    a) Subject
    b) intr V
    c) As (place)

    2) I am in the classroom.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) As (place)


    3) She seems to be in a bad mood.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs (= predicate adjective)

    4) I am in a bad mood.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    5) He seems to be in good health.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    6) Norma was in good health.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    7) Norma was sick.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs


    8) He is jobless.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    9) He is without a job.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs or As ?

    stces 3) to 9) are all the same? They all act as adjectives?


    10) She sent him the fax.
    a) S
    b) tran V
    c) Oi
    d) Od

    11) The children are with me.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) As (place)


    12) The squirrel feasted into the night.
    a) S
    b) intr V
    c) As (time)

    13) The squirrel feasted on birdseed into the night.
    a) S
    b) tran V
    c) Od
    d) As (time)

    14) The animals were feasting on lots of good food.
    a) S
    b) tran V
    c) Od


    15) She managed to keep her children off cigarettes.
    a) S
    b) tran V
    c) Od

    15) She managed to keep her children off cigarettes.
    a) S
    b) tran V
    c) Od
    d) Co or Ao (manner) ?


    16) Her children are off cigarettes.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    17) The dog smelled hungrily at the package.
    a) S
    b) intr / tran V ?
    c) As (manner)
    d) As (place) / Od ?

    18) She is writing on the blackboard.
    a) S
    b) intran V
    c) As (place)

    19) She is respected by her students.
    a) S
    b) intran V
    c) ???

    20) Pat is tired.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    21) That sounds a good idea.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    22) You smell nice.
    a) S
    b) int V
    c) Cs

    23) Before the play, we met up in a pub near the theatre.
    a) As (time)
    b) S
    c) intr V
    d) As (place)

    24) We parted good friends.
    a) S
    b) trans V / intrans V ?
    c) Cs ?

    Thank you very much. May I send you more stces for correction, please ?

    Hela

  2. #12
    Join Date
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    Default

    No problem. I've looked over your sentences and I have three comments. :D

    A. He is without a job. (Adjective)

    Note, if 'without a job' were a location, then it would function as an adverb. Note also, the only linking verb that can have an adverb of place as its subject complement is the verb To Be and its forms (i.e., is, am, are, etc.) :D

    Note also, linking verbs, and that includes the verb To Be, can never be modified by an adverb of manner. Only action verbs can be modified by adverbs of manner. :wink:

    B. She managed to keep her children off cigarettes. (Object Complement)

    Note, TEST: her children are off cigarettes. :D

    C. She is respected by her students. (Semantic Subject; Passive)

    Here's a great source of help: The Six Basic Sentence Patterns Click Here.

    By the way, linking verbs are linking verbs, not intransitive verbs. Also, SC stands for Subject Complement, of which there are two kinds: predicate adjectives and predicate nominals/nouns. I am not familiar with the forms Cs and As. Sorry. Moreover, DO stands for direct object and IO for indirect object. :D

    All the best, :D

  3. #13
    salas1907 is offline Junior Member
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Posts
    73
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    I want you to ask sthg,casiopea...can you help me? I have an syntax exam on wednesday...I couldn't understand mood in syntax. what is the meaning 'residue' in syntax? Also can you explain 'theme' in syntax?

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