Results 1 to 7 of 7
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Kurdish
      • Home Country:
      • Syria
      • Current Location:
      • Syria

    • Join Date: Sep 2005
    • Posts: 122
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #1

    Meanings of some words

    Hello dear teachers
    I am now translating a text .. I faced some problems with some words .. could anyone please help me and give me the meanings of the following words
    here is the text .. I just need the words I bolded in red

    2.4.4.5 Lateral displacement resistance of various sleeper types
    2.4.4.6 Lateral displacement resistance of various ballast types
    The lateral displacement resistance depends on the quality of the ballast. The following approximate values apply:
    • round gravel, not fractured reduction: 30-35%
    round gravel, fractured like ballast of grain size 1
    • fine ballast (10x30) reduction: 5-10%
    • coarse ballast (80x150) increase: 20%
    • superelevated shoulder increase 40-60%
    figure 16 shows the schematic distribution of force from wheel to subsoil. Based on the pressure of the sleeper on the ballast


    The influence of the permanent-way condition (wear, fastening, track position) and of driving speed is


    please please .. I will be grateful if anyone can help me with these words

  1. Soup's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • China

    • Join Date: Sep 2007
    • Posts: 5,892
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2

    Re: Meanings of some words

    Sleeper
    A beam spanning the track which is used to support the rails. Originally wooden but concrete sleepers are generally used now. Steel sleepers have also been used occasionally.

    Ballast
    Hard core used to provide a stable base and good drainage for the track. Typically granite Chipping's between 1-2 inches diameter are used, although other materials are not uncommon.

    Shoulder
    The raised edge of the ballast.

    Wear
    noun: impairment resulting from long use (Example: "The tires showed uneven wear")

    Sources
    http://www.glue-it.com/trains/glos_frm.html
    Rail Dictionary, Glossary and Terms directory.



    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 5,425
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #3

    Re: Meanings of some words

    You will know from the rest of the text that these words are to do with railways and building a railway line.

    sleeper : one of the wooden or concrete beams laid at right angles to, and under, a railway line to support it.

    sleepers, and so also the railway lines they support, are laid on top of, and surrounded by gravel ballast. This is necessary to keep the line rigid and in place - those lines carry a lot of weight at fast speeds, with potential to really shake the lines about.

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Kurdish
      • Home Country:
      • Syria
      • Current Location:
      • Syria

    • Join Date: Sep 2005
    • Posts: 122
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #4

    Re: Meanings of some words

    Thanks so so much for both of you kak Soup and kak David ( kak is a kurdish word means brother ) for your help

  2. RonBee's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Feb 2003
    • Posts: 16,570
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #5

    Re: Meanings of some words

    Quote Originally Posted by herbiji View Post
    Thanks so so much for both of you kak Soup and kak David ( kak is a kurdish word means brother ) for your help
    Um, Soup happens to be female.

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Kurdish
      • Home Country:
      • Syria
      • Current Location:
      • Syria

    • Join Date: Sep 2005
    • Posts: 122
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #6

    Re: Meanings of some words

    OOOps , sorry ... Thanks xoshka soup ( xoshka means sister )

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Kurdish
      • Home Country:
      • Syria
      • Current Location:
      • Syria

    • Join Date: Sep 2005
    • Posts: 122
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #7

    Re: Meanings of some words

    hello everyone
    I come now with new words
    can any1 please help me please
    I know what do these words mean but when I come to translate them I find difficulty

    fine ballast (10x30) reduction: 5-10%
    coarse ballast (80x150) increase: 20%
    superelevated shoulder increase 40-60%

Similar Threads

  1. Vocabulary
    By huda23 in forum Teaching English
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 04-Aug-2008, 23:38
  2. Replies: 4
    Last Post: 10-Apr-2008, 18:55
  3. Meanings of words and sentences
    By contractor2007 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 24-Dec-2007, 22:58
  4. the meanings of the words
    By Sorinka in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 7
    Last Post: 14-Dec-2006, 16:21
  5. words with identical spellings but different meanings
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 29-Nov-2003, 21:22

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •