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  1. #1
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    Question adjective phrase or phrases

    what would the adjective phrase or phrases in this sentence. France is the second-largest country in Europe.

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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Which word(s) in that sentence modify a noun?
    If you eliminate the nouns (there are three) and the verb, article, and preposition (one each), what's left is the adjective (phrase).

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    Clark is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered View Post
    what would the adjective phrase or phrases in this sentence. France is the second-largest country in Europe.
    In my opinion there is no adjective phrase here. Yes, there is a compound adjective (second-largest), but there is no adj. phrase. For an adj. phrase you need an adjective used a kernel word in a word-combination. For example, 'difficult to see.'

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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered View Post
    what would the adjective phrase or phrases in this sentence. France is the second-largest country in Europe.

    second-largest country :  "second-largest" is an adjective modifying a noun "country"

    country in Europe : "in Europe"??? I feel it modifies a noun "country" as well. So it is an adjective phrase, I guess.

    I'm not a native speaker.

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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Oh! Good point. The prepositional phrase "in Europe" does indeed modify "country."

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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Quote Originally Posted by tzfujimino View Post
    second-largest country :  "second-largest" is an adjective modifying a noun "country"

    country in Europe : "in Europe"??? I feel it modifies a noun "country" as well. So it is an adjective phrase, I guess.

    I'm not a native speaker.
    I don't think so, guys.

    'Second-largest country' is not an adjective but a noun phrase, since it is a noun which is the kernel word.

    'Country in Europe' is a noun+noun combination, where 'in Europe' serves as an attribute. I think you mix up two things - an adjective which is a part of speech and an attribute which is a syntactical unit.

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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Quote Originally Posted by Clark View Post
    I don't think so, guys.

    'Second-largest country' is not an adjective but a noun phrase, since it is a noun which is the kernel word.

    'Country in Europe' is a noun+noun combination, where 'in Europe' serves as an attribute. I think you mix up two things - an adjective which is a part of speech and an attribute which is a syntactical unit.

    Thank you for your comments.

    I'm not saying 'second-largest country' is an adjective (phrase).
    'Second-largest country' ,as a whole, is a noun phrase.(I agree with you on this point.)
    I'm not a linguist, so I don't really understand the underlined part above.
    Could you give me a simpler explanation of it, especially the meaning of "attribute" please?

    Thank you in advance.

  8. #8
    Clark is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Noun, verb, adjective, adverb, etc. are parts of speech.

    Subject, predicate, attribute, adverbial modifier are sentence constituents. They are the syntactical functions that words acquire in a sentence.

    An adjective may not necessarily be an attribute.
    E.g. He is a tall. Here 'tall' is part of the predicate.

    A noun may finction as an attribute.
    E.g. The hotel lobby was very large.
    'Hotel' is an attribute modifying the noun 'lobby'

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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    Thank you, Clark.

    How would you analyze this sentence below?

    The bag on the desk is mine.

    I think "on the desk" serves as an adjective phrase modifying "the bag".
    What would you think?

    I felt the same when I read "country in Europe".

  10. #10
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    Default Re: adjective phrase or phrases

    I'm afraid not. 'The bag on the desk' can't be an adj. phrase because it doesn't contain an adjective. This is an attributive word combination. (The name attributive reflects the syntactical relation between the elements - the noun phrase 'on the desk' is a locative characteristic by which we can identify the bag) with the structure N(kernel) + prep + N (adjunct)

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