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Thread: model auxiliary


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    #1

    model auxiliary

    model auxiliary
    Am I correct?

    have to or must

    1-It is the first term exam,students have to bring copybooks in the examination room.
    2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.
    3-we haven't climb any higher;we can see very well from here.
    4-waiters have to pay tax on the tips that they receive.
    5-in my district there is no gas laid on.People must use electricity for everything.

    might or may

    1-warning:no part of this book might he reproduced without the publisher's permission.
    2-he has refused,but he might change his mind if you asked him again.
    3-Tow parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that youmay not overcome.
    4-we'd better be early;there may be a crowd.

    could or be able to or can

    1-
    i was able to do it when I was at school but I couldn't now.
    2-when the fog lifts we cansee where we are.


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    #2

    Re: model auxiliary

    ..........
    Quote Originally Posted by aicha84 View Post
    model auxiliary
    Am I correct?

    have to or must

    1-It is the first term exam,students have to bring copybooks in the examination room.
    2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.
    3-we don't have to climb any higher;we can see very well from here.
    4-waiters have to pay tax on the tips that they receive.
    5-in my district there is no gas laid on.People [B]have to[/B] use electricity for everything.

    might or may

    1-warning:no part of this book [B]may[/B] be reproduced without the publisher's permission.
    2-he has refused,but he might change his mind if you asked him again.
    3-Tow parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that youmay not overcome.
    4-we'd better be early;there may be a crowd.

    could or be able to or can

    1-
    i could do it when I was at school but I [U]can't[/U] now.
    2-when the fog lifts we will be able to see where we are.

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    #3

    Re: model auxiliary

    have to or must

    1-As this is a first-term exam,students will have to bring copybooks to the examination room.
    2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.
    3-we won't have to climb any higher;we can see very well from here.
    4-waiters have to pay tax on the tips that they receive.
    5-in my district there is no gas laid on.People have to use electricity for everything.

    might or may

    1-warning:no part of this book may reproduced without the publisher's permission.
    2-he has refused,but he might change his mind if you asked him again.
    3-Two parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that you may not overtake..
    4-we'd better be early;there may/might be a crowd.

    could or be able to or can

    1-I
    was able to do it when I was at school but I couldn't do it now.
    2-when the fog lifts we 'll be able to see where we are.
    Last edited by beascarpetta; 05-Jun-2008 at 16:10.


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    #4

    Re: model auxiliary

    HI bea,
    Why 'must' in #5? Isn't it necessity imposed by the circumstances? Also an action against one's will?

  2. beascarpetta's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: model auxiliary

    Quote Originally Posted by Clark View Post
    HI bea,
    Why 'must' in #5? Isn't it necessity imposed by the circumstances? Also an action against one's will?
    sorry, Clark , I was so overcome by the word "overcome" I simply overlooked this
    (which is simply unacceptable for anyone in our profession , I know )
    still , I'll pay more attention from now on -cross my heart and hope to die


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    #6

    Re: model auxiliary

    Quote Originally Posted by beascarpetta View Post
    sorry, Clark , I was so overcome by the word "overcome" I simply overlooked this
    (which is simply unacceptable for anyone in our profession , I know )
    still , I'll pay more attention from now on -cross my heart and hope to die
    If you think it really helps, I'll do the same.


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    #7

    Re: model auxiliary

    Quote Originally Posted by aicha84 View Post
    model auxiliary
    Am I correct?

    [B]have to or must

    2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.

    Or, "can't drive fast here; there is a speed limit". can't = not allowed to. <mustn't> sounds odd for NaE, like it's a personal admonishment. I'd say that <can't> would be a more natural choice.


    4-waiters have to/must pay tax on the tips that they receive.

    Using 'must' makes it sound more official and that likely would be the choice in regulations/tax info in a formal written sense. 'have to' is definitely the more common choice for speech.

    5-in my district there is no gas [laid on]. People must use electricity for everything.

    'have to' is definitely the more common choice for speech but 'must' is a possibility.

    might or may

    1-warning:no part of this book might he reproduced without the publisher's permission.

    'might' is also used for permission but not for the sense of prohibition.


    3-Two parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that youmay not [overcome] pass.

    I think that for NaE, the tendency would be to use <can't/not allowed to> here.



    could or be able to or can

    1-
    I was able to/could do it when I was [at] in school but I couldn't/can't now.

    Both <can't> and <couldn't> would work here. The former looks to a greater reality, for example, maybe someone is challenging you to try it now. The latter speaks more to a theoretical sense, the speaker is saying that such an idea is not even being entertained.


    2-when the fog lifts we can/will be able tosee where we are.
    Both <can> and <will be able to> seem to be possible.

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