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  1. #1
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    Question Indirect object and Prepositional object probem

    Hi, I'm confused about IOs and POs.

    As I understood, IOs answer the question "to whom or for whom" and stands between the verb and the DO. The following examples confuse me because the IOs are preceded by a preposition and have no direct object.

    a. He has separated [from his wife.]
    In my opinion [from his wife] is a PO because I don't see anywhere a DO but am I right?

    b. All the credit for this belongs [to our sales staff.]
    I don't understand the function of [to our sales staff]. It answers the question "to whom" so it looks like an IO but it already has the preposition "to" making me think that it's in fact a PO.

    c. He lectures [to the students] [on drama].
    Since 'to' is a preposition but [to the students] answers to the question 'to whom'. I don't understand why it's different from [on drama] which is a PO.

    Please help me.

  2. #2
    paochai01's Avatar
    paochai01 is offline Member
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    Re: Indirect object and Prepositional object probem

    a. He has separated [from his wife.]
    In my opinion [from his wife] is a PO because I don't see anywhere a DO but am I right? - Yes.
    He has separated from his wife.
    Subject - Intransitive verb - Prepositional phrase


    b. All the credit for this belongs [to our sales staff.]
    I don't understand the function of [to our sales staff]. It answers the question "to whom" so it looks like an IO but it already has the preposition "to" making me think that it's in fact a PO. - "Belong to" is the verb..
    Subject - credit
    transitive verb - belongs to
    direct object - staff


    c. He lectures [to the students] [on drama].
    Since 'to' is a preposition but [to the students] answers to the question 'to whom'. I don't understand why it's different from [on drama] which is a PO.- This sentence should be "He lectures the students on drama."
    Pattern would be Subject-Transitive verb-Direct object

    IO only exists in this pattern:
    I - Subject
    gave - Transitive verb
    mom - Indirect object
    a hug - Direct object.

    I - subject
    bought - transitive verb
    my son - indirect object
    some candies - direct object
    .
    Last edited by paochai01; 12-Jun-2008 at 01:59.

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