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  1. #1
    Anonymous Guest

    what is "after having been", "never having go

    Does anyone know what this type of phrase or clause is called? I'm trying to get more info about this construction, but without a name, it's difficult.

  2. #2
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    Re: what is "after having been", "never havin

    Quote Originally Posted by iloveelephants
    Does anyone know what this type of phrase or clause is called? I'm trying to get more info about this construction, but without a name, it's difficult.
    It's an adverb phrase. :wink:

    EX: After having been at work all day, I left tired. (Phrase)
    EX: After I had been at work all day, I left tired. (Clause)

    EX: Having never gone to the beach before, I didn't know what to wear. (Phrase)
    EX: I had never gone to the beach before, so I didn't know what to wear. (Clause)

    Note that, what distinguishes a phrase from a clause is tense. Clauses carry tense, whereas phrases do not. Clause also have subjects. Phrases don't:

    After I had been (Tense: had; Subject: I)
    After having been (Tense: None; Subject: None. Note, 'having been' functions as a verbal-noun, a gerund.

    All the best, :D

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