In addition, from Linguipedia
Originally Posted by ancasandu
A relatively old semantic-role distinction is that between affected objects
, i.e. patients which are affected by the verbal action, and effected objects
, i.e. participants which come into being as a result of the verbal action.
- ... [the] distinction, ..., can be seen in Sentences 1 and 2.
1. John ruined the table. [affected object]Note that in one case the object is understood as existing antecedently to John's activities, while in the other case its existence resulted from John's activities."
2. John built the table. [effected object]
affected = influenced, as in to undergo change
affected objects: open the door, paint the house, destroy a house
effected = resulted
effected objects: paint a painting, build a house, draw a line