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  1. #1
    unregistered Guest

    Default Infinitve of purpose and gerund

    I'm currently applying for a CELTA course, one of the questions on the pre-interview task is to match the grammatical terms. I have a degree in English Language and I have never heard of Gerund is there something weird about that?? Here is what I have done so far:

    1. Phrasal Verb - Who turned up at the party?
    2. Gerund - I like fishing
    3. Infinitive of purpose - He's come to fix the taps.
    4. Inversion - Have you finished the book?
    5. Auxiallary verb - That's the house where I was born.
    6. Modal verb - We must go now.
    7. Passive - Hardly had I gone out than it began to rain.
    8. Conditional - I would have called but I couldn't find a phone box.
    9. Past participle - The car's been mended

    I think I have messed up somewhere with the passive, aux and infinitive of purpose. Your help would be very much appreciated to clear up where I have gone wrong.

    Thank You

    Claire

  2. #2
    Clark is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Infinitve of purpose and gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by unregistered View Post

    1. Phrasal Verb - Who turned up at the party? OK
    2. Gerund - I like fishing OK
    3. Infinitive of purpose - He's come to fix the taps.OK
    4. Inversion - Have you finished the book? OK
    5. Auxiliary verb - That's the house where I was born. OK
    6. Modal verb - We must go now. OK
    7. Passive - Hardly had I gone out when it began to rain. No, this isn't a passive construction.
    8. Conditional - I would have called but I couldn't find a phone box. OK
    9. Past participle - The car's been mended. In this sentence the past participle 'mended' is part of an analytical form, present perfect passive. I could suggest an alternative: I've had the car mended.
    Hope it helps.

  3. #3
    Percypops123 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Infinitve of purpose and gerund

    Thank you Clark, but I dont think I explained myself properly they are all the answers and you have to match them up to the grammatical terms so does that mean that all I have to do is switch 7 and 9 around and the rest are right??

    Thank you

    Claire

  4. #4
    Clark is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Infinitve of purpose and gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by Percypops123 View Post
    Thank you Clark, but I dont think I explained myself properly they are all the answers and you have to match them up to the grammatical terms so does that mean that all I have to do is switch 7 and 9 around and the rest are right??

    Thank you

    Claire
    'The car's been mended' would fit #7 (Passive).
    As for #9, are you sure it's past participle and not past perfect?

    Hardly had I gone out when it began to rain.
    If it is past perfect, then the form 'had gone' would do.
    If it is past participle, then the form 'gone'.

  5. #5
    Percypops123 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Infinitve of purpose and gerund

    Hmmmm, I'm not sure because all the grammatical terms down the right hand side are the only options I got and anything after the hyphen are the answers it was set out like this.

    1 Phrasal verb a. I like fishing
    2 Gerund b. We must go now
    3 Infinitive of purpose c. Have you finished the book?
    4 Inversion d. Who turned up at the party?
    5 Auxiliary verb e. The car's been mended
    6 Modal verb f. I would have called, but I couldn't find a phone
    7 Past Perfect g. He's come to fix the taps
    8 Conditional h. That's the house where I was born
    9 Past participle i. Hardly had I gone out than it began to rain

    Then match them up....

  6. #6
    Clark is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Infinitve of purpose and gerund

    Then, like you said, swap #7 and #9. I mean in your post #1.

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