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  1. #1
    thedaffodils's Avatar
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    Smile resident vs. inhabitant

    Hello! Could someone else tell me the difference between 'resident' and 'inhabitant'?

    I have looked them up by dictionary but I'm still in the dark.

    Thanks in advance.





    resident (PLACE)
    noun [C]
    a person who lives or has their home in a place:
    a resident of the UK/Australia
    The local residents were angry at the lack of parking spaces.
    The hotel bar was only open to residents (= to people staying at the hotel).


    Cambridge Dictionaries Online - Cambridge University Press


    inhabitant
    noun [C]
    a person or animal that lives in a particular place:
    a city of 5 million inhabitants
    Cambridge Dictionaries Online - Cambridge University Press

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    PCGames is offline Junior Member
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    Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    God Bless!


    Based on what your dictionary says,

    resident is used just for the human beings who live in a particular place.
    Inhabitant is used for both human beings and animals.

  3. #3
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    Lightbulb Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    a city of 5 million inhabitants
    Hello! Thanks for your response. Please read the example from the dictionary. Obviously, "the inhabitants" here refers to residents rather than any animals.

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    PCGames is offline Junior Member
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    Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    Yes, that's an example.
    As the dictionary says, inhabitant could be used both for human beings and animals. So, we can use it both for people and animals.

    In the instance, "A city of 5 million inhabitants", inhabitant refers to human beings.

    You can consider this example too: "Some of the better-known inhabitants of the Bay watershed include blue crabs, oysters, striped bass and bald eagles. "

    In the instance, inhabitant refers to animals.

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    Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    Quote Originally Posted by thedaffodils View Post
    Hello! Thanks for your response. Please read the example from the dictionary. Obviously, "the inhabitants" here refers to residents rather than any animals.
    Try here and here (Post #2).

    ____________
    The word "inhabitants" was used in several state constitutions of the 18th century in defining voter qualifications. It was also used in the Northwest Ordinance. The Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 actually defined the term, in Part II, Chapter I, Section II, Article II, as follows:
    "And to remove all doubts concerning the meaning of the word "inhabitant" in this constitution, every person shall be considered as an inhabitant, for the purpose of electing and being elected into any office, or place within this state, in that town, district or plantation where he dwelleth, or hath his home."
    Read more here Congress' interpretation of inhabitant vs. judicial test for domicile

    _______________________

    The words "inhabitant", "citizen" and "resident" as employed in different constitutions to define the qualifications of electors mean substantially the same thing; and one is an inhabitant, resident, or citizen at the place where he has his domicile or home. Every person at all times must be considered as having a domicile somewhere, ...

    Source (p754)

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    thedaffodils's Avatar
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    Lightbulb Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    Yes, that's an example.
    In the instance, "A city of 5 million inhabitants",

    Thank you. I am wondering if such a context, which word will be better, if I refer to human beings. In other words, how do I use them properly.
    Is there any difference between the following sentence?


    A city of 5 million inhabitants.

    A city of 5 million residents.

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    Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    Quote Originally Posted by thedaffodils View Post
    Thank you. I am wondering if such a context, which word will be better, if I refer to human beings. In other words, how do I use them properly.
    Is there any difference between the following sentence?


    A city of 5 million inhabitants.

    A city of 5 million residents.
    If we use the word island the subtle difference in meaning comes through:

    Inhabitants of the island. <people there>
    Residents of the island. <people who work, go to school, etc, there>

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    PCGames is offline Junior Member
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    Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    Well, I think since "resident" is used just for the human being, it could be a better choice. However there is no difference.

    Soup's reply is considerable in some cases,
    " Inhabitants of the island. <people there>
    Residents of the island. <people who work, go to school, etc, there>"

    "dweller" also is similar to "inhabitant" and could be used both for human being and animal
    Last edited by PCGames; 06-Jul-2008 at 09:04.

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    Lightbulb Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    Hi Soup,

    Thanks for your reponses. My last post was responded to PCGames and I didn't expect others would respond to me so quickly. I haven't read your first answer carefully.

    I need some time to read and digest. If I have any other question about this, I will post it again. Thanks a lot.

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    Re: resident vs. inhabitant

    Quote Originally Posted by thedaffodils View Post
    Hi Soup,

    Thanks for your reponses. My last post was responded to PCGames and I didn't expect others would respond to me so quickly. I haven't read your first answer carefully.

    I need some time to read and digest. If I have any other question about this, I will post it again. Thanks a lot.
    No doubt it will be about collocations; e.g., street-dweller, not *street-inhabitant or *street-resident.

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