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    Fame's Avatar
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    Default Please help check.

    Could you please help me revise the following essay:

    Derivation is the process of adding affixes to the stem to form new words. Conversion is creating new words without changing the shape of the word and it is said to be the case of derivation by the zero affix. There are three criteria that we would use to identify which is the base and which is the converted form.

    Firstly, it is the meaning. We generally identify a word as a noun if it denotes a person or an object; we identify it as a verb if it denotes action, and as an adjective if it denotes a quality. In a pair of words related by the zero affix, we can generally tell which meaning is base (primary) and which derived (converted). For example the verb to table is converted from the noun a table. These words are related by the zero affix, therefore, we can generally tell which meaning is primary and which derived. We can see that a table here is a primary noun as it denotes an object; therefore we regard the verb to be derived.

    Secondly, it is the form. Some suffixes occur typically with nouns, others with verbs. The suffixes –tion, -ion, -ure are typically noun endings. Therefore when words containing such endings are used as verbs, we can say that the noun form is basic, the verb form derived. Consider, for example, the word moisture in this sentence; This soil needs moisture.

    Lastly, it is historical. Here we look at the history of the language and try to determine which use came first.

    We can say the only difference between them is that while in derivation an affix is added to the stem, no such thing takes place in conversion or we can say it is zero suffix which is added. Accordingly, we define conversion more precisely as ‘derivation with a zero suffix’ instead of as ‘derivation with a zero affix’.

  2. #2
    tedtmc is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Please help check.

    Derivation is the process of adding affixes to the stem root/base words to form new words.
    not a teacher

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Please help check.

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    not a teacher
    I'm sorry, I don't understand.

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