Results 1 to 10 of 10
  1. #1
    hela is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Arabic
      • Home Country:
      • Tunisia
      • Current Location:
      • Tunisia
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    Posts
    1,180
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default meaning of irregular verbs

    Dear teachers,

    1) Would you please tell me the difference in meaning between the following verbs? I would also appreciate if you could give me sentences as illustrations.

    a) “forbear / forsake / forswear” ?

    b) “heave” (regular) and “heave” (irregular)?

    c) “crow” (regular) and “crow” (irregular)?

    d) “abide” (regular) and “abide” (irregular)?

    e) “cleave” (regular) and “cleave” (irregular)


    2) The irregular form of the verb “to hide” is :
    a) hid / hid / hidden
    b) hid / hid / hid
    c) both? Any difference between the 2 forms?

    Many thanks,
    Hela

  2. #2
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,570
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    I don't think crow has an irregular form.

    The declension of hide is hide, hid, hidden, hides, hiding.

    :)

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Sep 2003
    Posts
    12,970
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: meaning of irregular verbs

    Have you tried Dictionary.com? Here the link. :D

  4. #4
    hela is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Arabic
      • Home Country:
      • Tunisia
      • Current Location:
      • Tunisia
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    Posts
    1,180
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    To RonBee,

    All the verbs I gave you have a regular and irregular form, but sometimes they do not have the same meaning. Of course, I looked them up in a dictionary but I find different explanations whether I look up a monolingual dictionary or a bilingual dictionary. This is why I wanted some more help from you, teachers.

    The verb "crow" has an irregular form which is "crew" / "crowed". The monolingual dictionary says that it is applied to a cock who crows in the morning, to a person who wants to show off, or to a baby who wants to communicate with others (I suppose). But the bilingual dictionary says that only the irregular form can be applied to the cock. Is that right?

    Many thanks,
    Hela

  5. #5
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,570
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    The word crow does have a past tense, crew, but I think it is obsolete. That is, it is not used anymore.

    :)

  6. #6
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Philippines
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    43,307
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    We say'crowed' in the UK- I have never heard the form 'crew'.

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Sep 2003
    Posts
    12,970
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: meaning of irregular verbs

    Hela, click on the words below. :D Sorry, there are no example sentences, only paradigms.

    forbear
    forsake
    forswear
    heave
    crow
    abide
    cleave

  8. #8
    Tomasz Klimkiewicz is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • Polish
      • Home Country:
      • Poland
      • Current Location:
      • Poland
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Posts
    566
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    Hello Everyone, hi Hela,

    As regards the other verb questions you've posted, here's my two cents:

    heave is a regular verb in its main meaning, which is
    - lift or haul with an effort,
    - rise and fall, like on waves.

    Indeed, the irregular conjugation form 'hove' for p. and p.p. is restricted to the nautical meaning 'head towards', 'come to a stop'.

    Such idiosyncrasies are not unknown, 'hang' being an excellent example. When it means 'put an object in a state of physical suspension' it is irregular, the p. and p.p. forms being 'hung'. The regular forms ('hanged') only refer to execution of a person by hanging.

    The verb 'abide' is regular ('abided'), but 'abode' as the p. and p.p. can also be used. This does not imply any change of meaning, though.

    The meaning of 'abide' is 1) await 2) withstand, bear patiently, tolerate.

    I must admit I have problems recalling the conjugation forms of the verb 'cleave' ('split' - is that what you meant?). I'm not sure whether it can be inflected regularly, I would say so. The historical irregular forms I remember are clove or cleft for p. and cloven or cleft for p.p. It may be so that the regular forms refer to another meaning, 'adhere', 'stick'.

    The list of verbs that conjugate in both ways is a long one, and includes, among others, such commonly used verbs as 'learn', 'burn','spell' and 'spill'. I am not sure if the regular / irregular inflection forms are distinctive for UK / US varieties of the English language.

    The above is from the top of my head, without consulting any sources. Possible corrections are welcome, of course.

    Regards,

  9. #9
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Philippines
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    43,307
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    'Hove' into view\site is used sometimes in the UK.

  10. #10
    Red5 is offline Webmaster, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    3,392
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    Red5
    Webmaster, UsingEnglish.com

Similar Threads

  1. Help ESL Learners Learn Irregular Verbs
    By RonBee in forum General Language Discussions
    Replies: 83
    Last Post: 09-Mar-2009, 09:18
  2. about irregular verbs
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 14-Jul-2004, 14:27
  3. Sensitive verbs?
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 10
    Last Post: 04-Jul-2004, 00:08
  4. IRREGULAR VERBS
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 29-May-2004, 01:27
  5. Irregular Verbs
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 29-Jan-2003, 13:15

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •