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  1. #1
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    sentence analysis 3

    Dear teacgers,

    Would you please correct my sentence analysis? (Sorry to bother you again with that but I’m rather tenacious: I’m willing to understand this rather difficult point of grammar!)

    1) The meeting is at 2:30.
    a) The meeting = subject
    b) is = copular verb
    c) at 2.30 = adverbial of time ? (form = prepositional phrase)

    2) She is ahead of her fellow students.
    a) She = subject
    b) is = copular verb
    c) ahead of her fellow students = complement or adverbial ?
    (form = adjectival or adverbial phrase ?)

    3) We should look ahead.
    a) We = subject
    b) should look = copular verb
    c) ahead = adverbial of place (form = adverbial (or adverb?) phrase)

    4) We parted good friends.
    a) We = subject
    b) parted = copular verb ?
    c) good friends = subject complement (form = adjectival phrase?)

    5) Norma is in good health = Norma seems to be in good health?
    a) Norma = subject
    b) is / seems to be = copular verb ?
    c) in good health = subject complement
    (prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective ?)

    6) Pat is in a bad mood = Pat seems to be in a bad mood ?
    a) Pat = subject
    b) is / seems to be = copular verb ?
    c) in a bad mood = subject complement
    (prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective ?)

    7) The dog smelled hungrily at the package.
    a) the dog = subject
    b) smelled at = transitive verb
    c) the package = direct object
    d) hungrily = adverbial of manner

    8) She managed to keep her children off cigarettes.
    a) she = subject
    b) managed to keep = transitive verb (correct?)
    or should I separate “managed” from “to keep”?
    c) her children = direct object
    d) off cigarette = complement related to the object

    9) The animals were feasting on lots of good food.
    a) The animals = subject
    b) were feasting on = transitive verb
    c) lots of good food = direct object (form = noun phrase ?)

    10) I ordered myself something to eat.
    a) I = subject
    b) ordered = transitive verb
    c) myself = indirect object ?
    d) something to eat = direct object?
    (or is it more complicated than that because of “myself” ?)
    (is “to order oneself” a pronominal verb ?)

    I'll send you more sentences later if you don't mind.
    VERY gratefully yours,
    Hela

  2. #2
    Mister Micawber's Avatar
    Mister Micawber is offline Key Member
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    Hi Hela,

    I lose my patience with diagramming pretty quickly, but I'll take a quick look over your sentences. I am simply eliminating your question marks and alternatives where the original is correct, and adding any corrections I think are necessary:

    1) The meeting is at 2:30.
    a) The meeting = subject
    b) is = copular verb
    c) at 2.30 = adverbial of time (form = prepositional phrase)


    2) She is ahead of her fellow students.
    a) She = subject
    b) is = copular verb
    c) ahead of her fellow students = complement
    (form = adjectival prepositional phrase)


    3) We should look ahead.
    a) We = subject
    b) should look = transitive
    c) ahead = adverbial of place (form = adverb)


    4) We parted good friends.
    a) We = subject
    b) parted = copular verb (YES, INTERESTING.)
    c) good friends = subject complement (form = noun phrase)


    5) Norma is in good health (NOT 'SEEMS TO BE', BUT ACTUALLY 'IS')
    a) Norma = subject
    b) is = copular verb
    c) in good health = subject complement
    (prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective)


    6) Pat is in a bad mood (NOT 'SEEMS TO BE', BUT ACTUALLY 'IS')
    a) Pat = subject
    b) is= copular verb
    c) in a bad mood = subject complement
    (prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective)


    7) The dog smelled hungrily at the package.
    a) the dog = subject
    b) smelled at = transitive verb (YES, INTERESTING.)
    c) the package = direct object
    d) hungrily = adverbial of manner


    8 ) She managed to keep her children off cigarettes.
    a) she = subject
    b) managed = transitive verb
    c) to keep her children off cigarettes = object of 'managed'
    d) her children = indirect object of 'keep off'
    e) cigarettes = direct object of 'keep off'


    9) The animals were feasting on lots of good food.
    a) The animals = subject
    b) were feasting on = transitive verb
    c) lots of good food = direct object (form = noun phrase)

    THIS CAN EQUALLY WELL BE DIAGRAMMED AS:

    b) were feasting = transitive verb
    c) on lots of good food = direct object (form = prepositonal phrase)


    10) I ordered myself something to eat.
    a) I = subject
    b) ordered = transitive verb
    c) myself = indirect object
    d) something to eat = direct object

    OK AS IS; 'MYSELF' IS SIMPLY APPOSITIVE FOR 'I' IN THE POSITION OF I.O.

  3. #3
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Dear teacher,

    Thank you for answering my questions and being so patient with me. It is much appreciated!

    Best regards,
    Hela

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