Results 1 to 9 of 9
  1. #1
    Anonymous Guest

    Default Negative present tens without auxiliary

    When William Faulkner accept his award as a Nobel prize winner in Stockholm he said, among other things: "...He or she (the young man o woman writing today) writes not of love but of lust, of defeats in which nobody loses anything of value, of victories without hope and, worst of all, without pity or compassion...He writes not of the heart bu of the glands". I need to know when it is correct to use the negative present tens without the auxiliary do :?

  2. #2
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,571
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Negative present tens without auxiliary

    We use the negative to deny something, though by denying that thing we also call attention to it. I don't think there is such a thing as a negative tense.

    http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/negative.html

    8)

  3. #3
    Join Date
    May 2003
    Posts
    103
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Negative present tens without auxiliary

    A_chacon,
    I would advise you not to use the negative form in the way Faulkner did. It's correct, but quite 'poetic' and wouldn't really be used in every day speech. It's probably better (at least easier and just as correct) to stick to the ordinary negative form: He doesn't write of ....

  4. #4
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,571
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Negative present tens without auxiliary

    I don't know if this will help, but this is a sentence I recently used in correspondence.

    "You probably knew that, but I'm a perfectionist, and I feel the need to correct my error if not apologize for it."
    Here's another:

    I don't use ain't often, but I use it more often than aren't I. The one I only use occasionally. The other I use not at all.
    8)

  5. #5
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,571
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Negative present tens without auxiliary

    Often, the use of the negative with the auxiliary "do" is the more common one.

    A. I do not agree at all.
    B. I agree not at all.

    However, in some common expressions "do" isn't used at all.

    "That's not what I said."

    The previous sentence is the same as "I did not say that", but it is, perhaps, more emphatic.

    8)

  6. #6
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,571
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Negative present tens without auxiliary

    The phrase "do not" is used to make a negative statement out of what otherwise would be a positive one.

    I do not want to talk to him.
    I do not want you to play with X.
    I do not want you to speak to him.
    I do not want to do that.
    I do not want you to do that.
    I do not want that to happen.
    I do not want to go there.
    I do not want you to go there.
    I do not want you to talk to that man.
    I do not want you to play in the street.
    I do not want you to eat that.
    I do not like that.
    I do not like him.
    I do not like broccoli.
    I do not agree with that.
    I do not wish to be told what to do.

    8)

  7. #7
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,571
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Negative present tens without auxiliary

    Faulkner uses the negative (not and no) very well in his speech.

    I feel that this award was not made to me as a man, but to my work--a life's work in the agony and sweat of the human spirit, not for glory and least of all for profit, but to create out of the materials of the human spirit something which did not exist before.

    ...

    It will not be difficult to find a dedication for the money part of it commensurate with the purpose and significance of its origin. But I would like to do the same with the acclaim too, by using this moment as a pinnacle from which I might be listened to by the young men and women already dedicated to the same anguish and travail, among whom is already that one who will some day stand where I am standing.

    ...

    He must teach himself that the basest of all things is to be afraid: and, teaching himself that, forget it forever, leaving no room in his workshop for anything but the old verities and truths of the heart, the universal truths lacking which any story is ephemeral and doomed--love and honor and pity and pride and compassion and sacrifice. Until he does so, he labors under a curse. He writes not of love but of lust, of defeats in which nobody loses anything of value, and victories without hope and worst of all, without pity or compassion. His griefs grieve on no universal bones, leaving no scars. He writes not of the heart but of the glands.

    ...

    I believe that man will not merely endure: he will prevail. He is immortal, not because he alone among creatures has an inexhaustible voice, but because he has a soul, a spirit capable of compassion and sacrifice and endurance. The poet's, the writer's, duty is to write about these things.

    ...

    The poet's voice need not merely be the record of man, it can be one of the props, the pillars to help him endure and prevail.

    http://www.rjgeib.com/thoughts/faulkner/faulkner.html

  8. #8
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    16,571
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Negative present tens without auxiliary


  9. #9
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Philippines
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    42,773
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    It's a bit of an archaic form that people use when getting oratorical.

Similar Threads

  1. simple present and present continuous
    By Anonymous in forum Frequently Asked Questions
    Replies: 7
    Last Post: 31-Jul-2005, 14:32
  2. Negative / Auxiliary verbs
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 27-Jan-2004, 08:05
  3. The Hidden Evidence: The Past Family
    By shun in forum Teaching English
    Replies: 143
    Last Post: 09-Nov-2003, 00:56

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •