Yes. In English also the two words have different meanings. While ‘basic’ is primarily used as an adjective; meaning: to have simple facts or ideas about some thing: Example-He has a basic understanding of the problem.
The word ‘base’ can be used as (i) a noun; meaning the lower part of something/foundation: Example- The boxer hit the base of his opponent's neck.
(ii) as a verb meaning: situate as a centre of operations: Example- We will base this project at the new site. (iii) as an adjective; meaning: serving as or forming a base: Example- The painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats on the surface.