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  1. #1
    Fame's Avatar
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    Default use of a, an, the & zero article

    Can you please help check the following ?

    De Gaulle wanted to take France out of both NATO and (1) the
    Common Market
    . He succeeded only with (2) the former. First he
    demanded (3) a triumvirate leadership for NATO of Britain, France
    and the United States; when (4) the Americans rejected this he began
    withdrawing (5) French forces. In 1967 he invited NATO to remove
    itself altogether from (6) French soil.

    1. definite reference, the indicates a cataphoric reference
    2. definite reference, the indicates a cataphoric reference
    3. first mention of an uncountable noun, indefinite sense with a
    4. specific unique reference, definite sense with the
    5. zero article, specific reference to a plural countable noun
    6. zero article conveying specific unique reference

  2. #2
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    Default Re: use of a, an, the & zero article

    Quote Originally Posted by Fame View Post
    Can you please help check the following ?

    De Gaulle wanted to take France out of both NATO and (1) the
    Common Market
    . He succeeded only with (2) the former. First he
    demanded (3) a triumvirate leadership for NATO of Britain, France
    and the United States; when (4) the Americans rejected this he began
    withdrawing (5) French forces. In 1967 he invited NATO to remove
    itself altogether from (6) French soil.

    1. definite reference, the indicates a cataphoric reference
    2. definite reference, the indicates a cataphoric reference
    3. first mention of an uncountable noun, indefinite sense with a
    4. specific unique reference, definite sense with the
    5. zero article, specific reference to a plural countable noun
    6. zero article conveying specific unique reference
    Hi Fame,
    I agree with all choices; and with reasons 1 - 4.

    5. French forces is not a plural countable noun. But let's assume it read "French soldiers" (which is a plural countable noun). The answer would be the same (zero article). The reason must be different.
    6. "French soil" means "French territory" (it's a metonomy). And thus it means "France", which doesn't take an article.

    I don't know the system you're using, so I can't give reasons for why 5, 6 are wrong. But your answers are right; and you reasons seem wrong.

  3. #3
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    Default Re: use of a, an, the & zero article

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    Hi Fame,
    I agree with all choices; and with reasons 1 - 4.

    5. French forces is not a plural countable noun. But let's assume it read "French soldiers" (which is a plural countable noun). The answer would be the same (zero article). The reason must be different.
    6. "French soil" means "French territory" (it's a metonomy). And thus it means "France", which doesn't take an article.

    I don't know the system you're using, so I can't give reasons for why 5, 6 are wrong. But your answers are right; and you reasons seem wrong.
    Dear Raymott,
    Thanks for your reply. As for reasons for 5 and 6, I'm not quite sure. In 5, I thought "French forces" meant all the different kind of forces, whether land, air or sky, etc. Thus I count it as plural, but what's the reason, then? In 6, I know that "French soil" means "French territory" but how would you give a reason for using zero article?

  4. #4
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    Default Re: use of a, an, the & zero article

    Quote Originally Posted by Fame View Post
    Dear Raymott,
    Thanks for your reply. As for reasons for 5 and 6, I'm not quite sure. In 5, I thought "French forces" meant all the different kind of forces, whether land, air or sky, etc. Thus I count it as plural, but what's the reason, then? In 6, I know that "French soil" means "French territory" but how would you give a reason for using zero article?
    You must have a list of "reasons for using the zero article". I don't have that list. I can give you a reason (as I have for 6), but unless you post your list of possible reasons for the zero article, I can't answer the question with the answer you want.

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