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  1. #1
    JoeCalifornia Guest

    Default Can gerunds ever function as adverbs?

    Can gerunds or participles ever function as adverbs?

  2. #2
    Mister Micawber's Avatar
    Mister Micawber is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Can gerunds ever function as adverbs?

    A gerund cannot, because by definition it is an '-ing' form used as a noun. The form can arguably appear as an adverbial, however, as in 'I sat thinking of my old girlfriend'.

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Can gerunds ever function as adverbs?

    Quote Originally Posted by JoeCalifornia
    Can gerunds or participles ever function as adverbs?
    Re: Mister M
    I'll second that.

    Gerunds and participles belong to the class Verbal because they carry verb-like morphology (-ing, -ed). In terms of syntax, though, they function as nominals.

    Check out this source: Click here

    By the way, a to-infinitive functions as an adverb when it answers the question "Why?". In that context, the infinitive is short for 'in order to'.

    Sam: I went to the bank to pay my bills.
    Pat: Sorry. I wasn't listening to you. Why did you go to the bank?
    Sam: In order to pay my bills. (Adverb)

    I went to the bank in order to pay my bills.

    Consider:

    I would love to go.
    I would love in order to go. (Not an adverb)

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