1. What's the difference between lenis and fortis?
2. Why do we use them instead of voiceless and voiced terms respectively?
Click Fortis and lenis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
3. Why do we call /w,r,j/ sounds as glides?
The tongue glides.
4. Why approximants?
They approximate the sound.
5. Why semi-vowel?
You can sing/hold them.
6. Why are /p,t,k/ called vioceless and strong?
Voiceless: the vocal folds don't vibrate.
Strong: air pressure builds and is then released.
7. What's voiced and weak?
Voiced: the vocal folds vibrate.
Weak: air pressure doesn't build.
8. Why is /h/ called voiceless vowel phonetically, and /h/ consonant phonologocally?
Phonetically: because its manner of articulation involves air through an open glottis, like a vowel.
Phonologically: it doesn't contrast with vowels; that it, it's never found in a vocalic position.
9. Is the sound at the end of sing a phoneme?
Yes. It's a sound of English. It's called a velar-nasal.
10. Are the initial sounds in chin and gem one phoneme.
No. Evidence: chin vs gin; they contrast. That is, change the first sound in chin and you get a new word.
11. What is the difference between phonemic transcription and phonetic transcription?
Phonetic = speech sound; phonemic = the patterns of those sounds; where they can and cannot occur.
12. When is a sound devoiced?
When it sits between two voiceless sounds or sometimes at the end of a word.
13. Is the glottal stop a phoneme?
It can be, yes.
14. How many phonemes are there in the triphthongs?
Usually two. There are two noticeable changes in QUALITY during a syllable.
15. What's the difference between dialect and accent?
Example: In Shanghai, China, people speak the local dialect with various accents; e.g., Shanghainese with a French accent; Shanghainese with a Japanese accent.
16. Why are /w,j,r/ sound like vowels but function as consonants.
They sit in consonant positions.
17. What are the meanings of phonetics and phonology?
Phonetics vs. Phonology