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  1. #1
    cyrus Guest

    Default help with tenses

    Hi, I am self studying English Grammar and one activity in my workbook is the need to define these sentences into the following Categories:

    Past/Present/Future Perfect Simple
    Past/Present/Future Progressive
    Past/Present Future Perfect Progressive

    Sentences are:

    We had finished fishing before they arrived.
    I met Brian as I was walking to the restaurants.
    I had been cycling all night and was exhausted.
    She had had that cat since she was twelve.
    He walked to work every day.
    I have been waiting for Tim over an hour.
    He became a success in later life.
    They will have finished their work before breakfast time.
    I'll be waiting by the City Hall.


    **please help i have been studying for one week and cannot understand**

  2. #2
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    Default Re: help with tenses

    The past simple is formed by adding 'ed' to regular verbs. Verbs with irregular pasts have to be learned sepatately e.g. go - went, eat - ate etc.
    The present simple is formed with the present form of the verb, which looks very like the infinitive but takes an 's' in the third person singular - I live, he lives.
    The future simple is (I suppose) formed with 'will + infinitive' - I will go, he will eat.
    The progressive tenses are formed with 'be' (in past, present or future) + the -ing form of the verb - He is playing, they were writing, I'll be working.
    The perfect tenses are formed with 'have' + participle. Past - I had done. Present - I have done. Future - I will have done.
    The perfect progressive tenses are formed with 'have / had / will have + been + ing form. Past - I had been doing. Present - I have been doing. Future - I will have been doing.

    Why don't you look at your sentences again and try to work out what tense they are in? Then post it and someone here will look at it for you.

  3. #3
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: help with tenses

    We had finished fishing before they arrived.
    That one is in the past perfect tense. Finishing fishing was completed before their arrival.

    Try composing some more sentences in past perfect tense.

    8)

  4. #4
    cyrus Guest

    Default

    Thank you for your help! I will look t the sentences again and label them according to your tips. :)

  5. #5
    cyrus Guest

    Default Re: help with tenses

    hello again. here i tried to answer questions. let me know if there are wrong answers. thanks!


    We had finished eating before they arrived.
    *past perfect

    I met Brian as I was walking to the restaurants.
    *past progressive

    I had been cycling all night and was exhausted.
    *past perfect progressive

    She had had that cat since she was twelve.
    *past perfect simple

    He biked to work every day.
    *past simple

    I have been waiting for Tim over an hour.
    *present perfect progressive

    He became a success in later life.
    *past progressive

    They will have finished their work before breakfast time.
    *future perfect

    I'll be waiting by the City Hall.
    *future progressive

  6. #6
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    Default Re: help with tenses

    Very good Cyrus!
    The first sentence is past perfect SIMPLE (just to be more exact)
    The second sentence has two verbs, the first is past simple, the second is past progressive.
    He became a success later in life ..... Do you really think this is progressive? Remember - be + ing = progressive.
    The rest are perfect, as far as I can see.
    I have been waiting for Tom over an hour. I suppose this is correct, but I'd say: I've been waiting for Tom for over an hour. Too many for's? What does Ronbee think?

  7. #7
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default

    I agree with Lib- 'he became' is the past simple.

  8. #8
    RonBee's Avatar
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    Default Re: help with tenses

    I have not been able to find a definition for past perfect simple. How does that differ from past perfect?

    http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/past-perfect.html

  9. #9
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    Default Re: help with tenses

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    I have not been able to find a definition for past perfect simple. How does that differ from past perfect?

    http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/past-perfect.html
    Excuse me, gentlemen, would you mind if I offer some additional links? They seem to be visual aids to your remarkable lesson.
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/le...rnitv210.shtml
    http://grammar.englishclub.com/verb-...-perfect_u.htm
    http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/gramm...perfect01.html
    http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/pastperfect.html
    :)

  10. #10
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    Default Re: help with tenses

    Ronbee, I said 'past perfect SIMPLE' so that there would be no confusion. The past perfect can be 'simple' (I had done), or 'continuous / progressive' (I had been doing.

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