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  1. #1
    chuck4164 Guest

    Default passive sentences

    What is a passive sentence?

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Sep 2003
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    Default Re: passive sentences

    It's when the object comes first and the subject comes last. For example, the subject is underlined and the object is in blue:

    Active: Max hit Sam.
    Passive: Sam was hit (by Max).

    Note, "by Max" is optional (...). It doesn't need to be stated.

    Use the passive to place focus on the object.

    There are three steps: 1) Move the object to the front, 2) change the verb to passive, and 3) add 'by' to the subject, like this,

    Active: Max hit Sam

    1. Move: Sam
    2. Change the verb: Sam was hit
    3. Add 'by': Sam was hit by Max.

    Passive: Sam was hit by Max.

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