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    #1

    get, one, clean and having

    Dear teachers,

    I have four questions:

    No.1
    At last she managed to get the fire lit.
    This is the same structure as "to get the car started" . Is that right? And since you explained that I can also say "to get the car to start" does it mean I can also say "to get the fire to light"?

    No.2
    Beyond determination, courage, and vision, I look for students with a growing sense of confidence. For Iknow from experience that confidence is ______ necessary credential that __________ college students must take away with them.
    a. the one, all b. the, many c. one, all
    The key is "a". Could you please kindly explain why 'b' and 'c' are wrong?
    And what's the difference between "the one" and "one"?
    No.3
    The streets had been _____ before the parade begun.
    a. swept clean b. swept cleanly
    The key is 'a'. No problem. 'b' is not correct because cleanly doesn't mean ''without dust'. Is that right?

    No.4
    Professor Yuan is reported ______ another breakthrough in his research.
    a. to have made b. having made
    The key is 'a' which means he has already made the breakthrough. My question is why 'b' isn't correct which also means something has taken place?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang


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    #2

    Re: get, one, clean and having

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    Dear teachers,

    I have four questions:

    No.1
    At last she managed to get the fire lit.
    This is the same structure as "to get the car started" . Is that right? And since you explained that I can also say "to get the car to start" does it mean I can also say "to get the fire to light"?

    Yes. I think it's probably best to think of this use as the causative get.

    Cambridge Dictionaries Online - Cambridge University Press

    No.2
    Beyond determination, courage, and vision, I look for students with a growing sense of confidence. For Iknow from experience that confidence is ______ necessary credential that __________ college students must take away with them.
    a. the one, all b. the, many c. one, all
    The key is "a". Could you please kindly explain why 'b' and 'c' are wrong?
    And what's the difference between "the one" and "one"?

    It seems to me that C is perhaps possible, but the text is singling out a particular credential and the definate article serves to emphasize this.

    No.3

    The streets had been _____ before the parade begun.
    a. swept clean b. swept cleanly
    The key is 'a'. No problem. 'b' is not correct because cleanly doesn't mean ''without dust'. Is that right?

    Swept cleanly sounds very strange. How would you even sweep cleanly?

    Swept clean makes more sense. It describes the street (as being clean) rather than describing the actual manner of sweeping (which doesn't, to me, make sense).


    No.4
    Professor Yuan is reported ______ another breakthrough in his research.
    a. to have made b. having made
    The key is 'a' which means he has already made the breakthrough. My question is why 'b' isn't correct which also means something has taken place?

    Having + past participle acts as a perfect tense.

    Having worked there for 6 years, I decided to quit.

    I had worked there for six years when I decided to quit.


    This sentence requires a simple past tense to describe something which happened at a specific point in the past.

    Professor Yuan made a breakthrough.

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    These are just my interpretations.

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    #3

    Re: get, one, clean and having

    Dear colloquium,

    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I understand them. Could you please explain why isn't 'the, many' correct?

    Have a nice weekend.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by colloquium View Post
    These are just my interpretations.


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    #4

    Re: get, one, clean and having

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    Dear colloquium,

    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I understand them. Could you please explain why isn't 'the, many' correct?

    Have a nice weekend.

    Jiang
    Well it is entirely a matter of context.

    He is speaking in very general terms of "confidence as being a necessary credential for students".

    It is safe to assert that he is speaking about confidence in a very favourable way: he is suggesting that it is an important human trait which will benefit a person (in this case a student).

    Therefore it is probably fair to assume that he thinks this trait would be of benefit to "all" students - and not just "many".

    Again, just my interpretation.

    "we might say it is the "flow" of the contexts of words that we understand, that we use, rather than understanding a word that has context." (Smith-leudke)

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    #5

    Re: get, one, clean and having

    Dear colloquium,

    Thank you very much for your explanation. The other teachers have also mentioned 'context'. But there are always multiple choices of a single sentence for us to choose, like this one, which is bad.

    Have a nice weekend.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by colloquium View Post
    Well it is entirely a matter of context.

    He is speaking in very general terms of "confidence as being a necessary credential for students".

    It is safe to assert that he is speaking about confidence in a very favourable way: he is suggesting that it is an important human trait which will benefit a person (in this case a student).

    Therefore it is probably fair to assume that he thinks this trait would be of benefit to "all" students - and not just "many".

    Again, just my interpretation.

    "we might say it is the "flow" of the contexts of words that we understand, that we use, rather than understanding a word that has context." (Smith-leudke)

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