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Thread: relative clause

  1. #1
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    Default relative clause

    Please, explain me the difference between "who" and "that" and correct my mistakes.
    1. You shouldn't live with a man .... doesn't love you.
    "who" or "that" ?
    2. I called my friend, ... is a dentist, to fix my teeth, ...decayed.
    a) who/ all of which (+) b) that/all which (-)
    3. Poetry is a language... says more than the ordinary words can.
    a) what(-) b) which(+)
    4. The man...stole the money hasn't been found yet.
    a) who (+) b) that(-)
    5. This is the house....walls were repainted several times.
    a) whose (-) b) which (+)
    6. I found a way ... I can go home earlier.
    a) by which b) from which (+) c) with which d) in which
    7. He is having lunch, ...he always does at this time.
    a) that's when b) that's the time c) which(+) d) just when e) just at the time

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Dec 2008
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    Thumbs up Re: relative clause

    [quote=Unregistered;409437]Please, explain me the difference between "who" and "that" and correct my mistakes.
    1. You shouldn't live with a man .who./.that. doesn't love you.
    2. I called my friend, ..who.. is a dentist, to fix my teeth, ..all which..decayed.
    3. Poetry is a language..which.. says more than the ordinary words can.
    4. The man .that./.who. stole the money hasn't been found yet.
    5. This is the house .whose. walls were repainted several times.
    6. I found a way ..by which.. I can go home earlier.
    7. He is having lunch, ..which.. he always does at this time.


    WHO:
    Used for:
    -Used for personal reference (human beings) or things that can be thought of as entities resembling humans, because the speaker has attributed human-like qualities to them (eg: My dog, who is my best friend,...).
    -Can be used both in defining and non-defining relative clauses.
    THAT:
    -Normally, and in contrast to 'who', can be used both for personal and non-personal reference (as in '1.' and '4.').
    -Is more informal than 'who'.
    -Cannot normally be used in non-restrictive/non-defining relative clauses.
    -cannot be used after a preposition (as in '6.').

    *Note:
    Non-defining relative clauses are the ones that introduce 'non-essential' information, and are usually between commas.
    "2. I called my friend, ..who.. is a dentist, to fix my teeth, ..all which..decayed."
    As you are singling out your friend by saying who of them you are talking about (the one who is a dentist), in my opinion, this should'nt be between commas (because this information is essential to the meaning of the sentence).

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