I have two questions in this context and I was wondering if someone could have a look for me.
I found two definition for "appointments" in the dictionary - 1) the choice of somebody for a job. 2) somebody who has been appointed for a job.
I think they are both suitable for this context, so... then which one do you think is better?
What does "cutting" mean here? Since the word "cutting" is in quotes, I am not sure what it exactly means in this context. (I mean, if "cutting" is not in quotes, I can find definiton in the dictionary. But "cutting" is in quotes in this case, so is there another special meaning for "cutting" here?)
Thanks for your help.
M1: ... ... Two thousand years ago, the practice of improvisation was widespread among the ancient Greeks. The Greeks based their improvisations on what we might call "stock melodies" - a collection of tunes known by all musicians. In sixteenth-century Italy, organist had contests for improvising. The ability to improvise in a fugal style - seveal melodies going at the same time - was a standard requirement for all appointments to organ positions. So, these "cutting" contests were like job interviews.
M2: Didn't some of the early jazz musicians have those kinds of contests, too?
You can find the full script here: Page 640, question 1 through 5, Listen to a discussion in a music history class.
Delta's Key to the Next Generation ... - Google Book Search
1) the choice of somebody for a job.
2) what jazz musicians call "cutting contests": pitting the improvisational abilities of musicians against each other