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  1. #1
    studying is offline Junior Member
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    Smile how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    Dear teachers,

    As a non-native speaker, I feel it's kind of hard to understand the English expression of " ... of ... of ...of ...of...."

    It's easier for me to understand if there is only one "of " in a phrase, but with more "of" shows, it is really hard for me to understand propraly, so I'm here to ask teachers for help.

    Which "of " is the emphasise or main part in the phrase " ... of ... of ...of ...of...." ?

    Should I comprehend the first "of " or the last one?

    For example, the sentence "it shows the results of a survey of adult education", how should I comprehend it,

    Thanks a lot in advance.

  2. #2
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    Smile Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    Quote Originally Posted by studying View Post
    Dear teachers,

    As a non-native speaker, I feel it's kind of hard to understand the English expression of " ... of ... of ...of ...of...."

    It's easier for me to understand if there is only one "of " in a phrase, but with more "of" shows, it is really hard for me to understand propraly, so I'm here to ask teachers for help.

    Which "of " is the emphasise or main part in the phrase " ... of ... of ...of ...of...." ?

    Should I comprehend the first "of " or the last one?

    For example, the sentence "it shows the results of a survey of adult education", how should I comprehend it,

    Thanks a lot in advance.
    In your example sentencte it should read:

    ...results of a survey on adult education. (= results concerning a survey dealing with adult education)

  3. #3
    bhaisahab's Avatar
    bhaisahab is offline Moderator
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    Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    '...results of a survey of adult education.' is perfectly correct.

    'THESE' are the results of a survey. The survey is of adult education.

  4. #4
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    Cool Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    '...results of a survey of adult education.' is perfectly correct.

    'THESE' are the results of a survey. The survey is of adult education.
    To me, a survey of means a survey conducted among:

    According to a survey of 1000 people in the city, the crisis is to be attributed to the unemployment.

    Also, a survey of means a survey dealing with counting the number of:

    We had to conduct a survey of lonely parents in the town.

    A survey on means, as I said earlier, a survey dealing with.

  5. #5
    studying is offline Junior Member
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    Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    Thank both of you.
    Yet I'm still confused.

  6. #6
    studying is offline Junior Member
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    Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    any other answers?

  7. #7
    bhaisahab's Avatar
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    Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    A survey of adult education was carried out. The results of the survey were XYZ.

  8. #8
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    Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    Maybe survey of is equal to survey on. I don't know.
    The thing is that there are at least two meanings of survey that I can clearly distinguish:

    1. survey (on), similar to a poll, asking people to answer different questions; the results of such a survey are made up of all the answers given.
    Officials of Wellesley College this week announced with evident satisfaction the results of a survey of 457 freshmen on what made them pick the school in the first place.

    2. survey (of), a general study or report; a description about the whole of a subject.
    His new book is a survey of European theatre in the nineteenth century.

    With 2, you cannot say that there are any results of such a survey.

  9. #9
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    Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    There are 108,000 references to 'Results of a survey.' on google.

  10. #10
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    Question Re: how to understand the pattern of "... of ... of ...of ...."

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    There are 108,000 references to 'Results of a survey.' on google.
    I do believe there are as many references as that. But the question is, is it really possible to use results and survey followed by of in the initial sentence, It shows the results of a survey of adult education.

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