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  1. #1
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    Question sentence analysis

    I've analysed the following sentence but I'm not sure about my result. It would be very helpful to get a hint

    She worked very hard so that she could be promoted.

    She worked very hard =main clause/ She/S=nphr./worked/P=vphr/very hard=advphr preceded by an adverb

    so that she could be promoted=subordinated clause adv.phr. or clause S+P?? of purpose

    I need help, help...Chrisi

  2. #2
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered
    She worked very hard so that she could be promoted.
    Adverb Test
    Q: Why did she work very hard?
    A: so that she could be promoted. (Adverbial phrase)

    The reason (she worked very hard) was so that she could be promoted.

    Note, be promoted is passive.

  3. #3
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    Dear teacher,

    What do you think of my analyses ?

    1) She worked very hard.

    she = subject
    worked = intransitive verb
    very hard = adverbial of manner ? (2 adverbs ?)

    2) She found the bed very hard.

    she = subject (NP)
    found = transitive verb (VP)
    the bed = direct object (NP)
    very hard = subject-complement (adj. P ? = adverb + adjective ?)

    3) She bought herself five pounds of chocolate for her birthday.

    parts of speech:

    she = subject personal pronoun
    bought = ditransitive verb
    herself = reflexive pronoun
    five = determinative adjective / cardinal number ?
    pounds = noun
    of = preposition
    chocolate = noun
    for = preposition
    her = possessive adjective
    birthday = noun

    sentence pattern:

    She = subject
    Bought = verb
    Herself = indirect object
    Five pounds of chocolate = direct object
    For her birthday = adverbial of time / adverbial of purpose ?

    Many thanks for you correction.
    All the best,
    Hela






    Last edited by hela; 31-Jan-2005 at 16:21.

  4. #4
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    Hello everyone,

    Could someone pleaaaase correct my analysis above ? I would be very grateful.

    Regards,
    Hela

  5. #5
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    very hard = subject-complement (adj. P ? = adverb + adjective ?)

    How's this a subject complement?

    five = determinative adjective / cardinal number ?

    I'd call this a determiner

    For her birthday = adverbial of time / adverbial of purpose ?
    I'd say this was the reason for the purchase, more than the time.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    I agree with tdol.

    1) She worked very hard.
    (Adverb of Manner; Cf. She worked like a dog; How?)

    2) She found the bed very hard.
    (Object Complement; the bed is very hard)

    3) She bought herself five pounds of chocolate for her birthday.
    (Adverb of Purpose; Why did she buy herself chocolates?)

  7. #7
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    Thanks to you, tdol and Casiopea! That's very kind of you.

    What do you think of :

    She is very proud of her looks.

    She = subject
    is = copula
    very proud = subject complement
    of her looks = adverbial (?) [of what?] / object of the preposition "of" ?

    Thanks a million,
    Hela

  8. #8
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    You're welcome. Try,

    She is very proud.
    S+V+Adv+Adj (Predicate Adjective modified by the adverb "very")

    She is very proud of her looks.
    S+V+Adv+Adj+Prep+Adj+Noun (Noun phrase;object of preposition "of")

  9. #9
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    Thanks Casiopea,

    I'm sure I'll come back to you for more analyses, if you wouldn't mind.

    All the best,
    Hela

  10. #10
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    Quote Originally Posted by hela
    Thanks Casiopea,

    I'm sure I'll come back to you for more analyses, if you wouldn't mind.

    All the best,
    Hela
    OK.

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