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Thread: Clarification

  1. #1
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    Default Clarification

    Respected,
    where and when we use like "I do" and "I do swim".
    what is the difference between them, any why we use do in the second one.
    Please clarify me on this.
    Thanks in Advance.

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    Default Re: Clarification

    A: Do you swim?
    B: Yes, I do. / Yes, I swim.

    Note, do replaces the verb swim.

    A: Do you swim?
    B: Yes, I do swim. / Yes, in fact/as a matter of fact, I do swim.

    Note, here we have the emphatic use ofdo.

  3. #3
    naomimalan is offline Member
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    Default Re: Clarification

    Quote Originally Posted by mcadhu View Post
    Respected,
    where and when we use like "I do" and "I do swim".
    what is the difference between them, any why we use do in the second one.
    Please clarify me on this.
    Thanks in Advance.
    The grammar books say that do is used to avoid repetition of a previous ordinary verb, in other words that it is a substitute for the previous verb. I’m not sure I agree with this explanation.

    You can say:

    A: Do you smoke?
    B: Yes I do / Yes I do smoke

    If, as the grammar books say, do is a substitute for a previous ordinary verb (in this case smoke in line A), then why is it possible to repeat the previous verb smoke (Yes I do smoke in line B)? It would be tantamount to repeating the verb twice over: Yes I smoke (v) smoke (v).

    Moreover, in British English at least, you cannot say:

    A: Do you smoke?
    B: Yes I smoke.*

    You have to say Yes I do (smoke).

    If do is not a substitute for a previous verb, then why is it required (at least in British English) in an exchange like the above?

    This question has already been addressed by the French linguist Henri Adamczewski**. He maintains that do/did is required if you repeat something (which I understand to be a verb or even a gerund) that has already been phrased just before. I can’t remember what the exact exchange is that he quotes but it goes something like this:

    She was thinking of going to Spain. Whether or not she did go, I don’t know…

    I don’t always adhere to the theories of H Adamcweski but I do adhere to this one.



    *A.J.Thomson and A.V. Martinet, A Practical English Grammar, Fourth Edition, rubric 123 D
    ** H. Adamczewski, Grammaire Linguistique de l’anglais. Paris: Armand Colin, 1982

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