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  1. #1
    gjo123 is offline Junior Member
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    Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    The intension of the writer of the following sentence was that she was too shy to ask to borrow money. However, she actually wrote the following:

    "I am shy to borrow money."

    I am not sure about my theory of what is incorrect about this sentence. Shy is being used as a predicate adjective. Why does it need the modifier, "too?"

    Is a subject missing for the infinitive "to borrow," which seems to be used as the verb of a phrase and "money" being used as a direct object of the phrase. Therefore, a subject ---to ask---is needed?

    to ask = ?

    to borrow = ?

  2. #2
    svartnik is offline Banned
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    Re: Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    Your sentence is absolutely correct.

    I = S
    am = copula
    shy = pred adj
    to borrow money = infinitive clause being the complement of "shy" and modifying the adj, thus adverbial in nature.

  3. #3
    svartnik is offline Banned
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    Re: Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	shy.gif 
Views:	5 
Size:	4.8 KB 
ID:	670

  4. #4
    orangutan is offline Member
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    Re: Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    Quote Originally Posted by gjo123 View Post
    The intension of the writer of the following sentence was that she was too shy to ask to borrow money.
    I think you mean "intention" .

    However, she actually wrote the following:

    "I am shy to borrow money."

    I am not sure about my theory of what is incorrect about this sentence. Shy is being used as a predicate adjective. Why does it need the modifier, "too?"
    I think the "too" is required by the infinitival phrase "to borrow money", not by the adjective as such.

    Is a subject missing for the infinitive "to borrow," which seems to be used as the verb of a phrase and "money" being used as a direct object of the phrase. Therefore, a subject ---to ask---is needed?

    to ask = ?

    to borrow = ?
    This is a complicated topic, but many linguists would say precisely that there is a subject missing, which is identified in this case with the subject of the whole sentence ("I").

    Hope this helps.

  5. #5
    orangutan is offline Member
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    Re: Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    By "missing", I mean that the subject of the infinitive is allowed to be unexpressed, not that its omission makes the sentence ungrammatical. Not sure if that is what you meant, so I thought I had better clarify.

  6. #6
    gjo123 is offline Junior Member
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    Re: Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	shy.gif 
Views:	5 
Size:	4.8 KB 
ID:	670
    My husband and I are not in agreement with the net result of responses to my original questions.

    The sentence: I am shy to borrow money.

    You are each saying the sentence is correct as is? Please type the whole sentence which you say is correct. Hubby and I are interpreting your responses differently.

  7. #7
    svartnik is offline Banned
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    Re: Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    I am shy to borrow money.

  8. #8
    gjo123 is offline Junior Member
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    Red face Re: Missing Sentence Parts & Their Use

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    I am shy to borrow money.
    Dear Svartnik,

    I do thank you for your time and effort. Time is valuable and I appreciate your writing to clarify.

    However, it is still my contention that something is wrong with that sentence. In any case, I cannot believe a native English speaker would ever word a sentence that way. I suppose we shall have to agree to disagree!

    My kind regards,
    gjo123

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