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Thread: verb to noun

  1. #1
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    Default verb to noun

    Dear Teacher,

    I had to change the following sentense by changing the verb to noun:

    "The market has expanded considerably"

    I wrote : there has been a considerable expanding in the market.

    but the correct answer was:

    there has been a considerable expansion in the market.

    I will appreciate if you can give me a tool that will help to choose the correct noun, for me the first think that I thought was expanding.

    waiting for yout kind advice

    Rinotg

  2. #2
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    Default Re: verb to noun

    While the gerund can substitute for a noun, it is probably not the best choice to create a noun from a verb. "There has been a considerable expanding of the market" would be a gramatically correct sentence. However, as you've learned, the proper noun related to expand is expansion.

    If it is a larger word, you can often add -tion or -sion (sometimes -ation) to the end of the verb to create the noun. It will generally translate as "the act or process of {verb}".

    expand --- expansion
    relate --- relation
    complicate --- complication
    consider --- consideration
    substitute --- substitution
    apply --- application
    eliminate --- elimination
    infuse --- infusion
    create --- creation
    violate --- violation
    oblige --- obligation
    evaluate --- evaluation

    If possible, you should always look it up in the dictionary to make sure that it is valid and has the meaning you want.

  3. #3
    orangutan is offline Member
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    Default Re: verb to noun

    I don't know of any general-purpose rule for making nouns from verbs.

    -tion / -sion is one of the most productive ways of forming these nouns, as illustrated in the previous post. The gerund can also be a source of nouns (e.g. "marketing"). But generally only when there is no other ready-made noun available in the vocabulary of English. If there is, then (as the first poster discovered) the gerund is unsatisfactory (or at best can be used only for a slightly different effect). Its use as a straight noun is "blocked", so to speak, by the existence of a more specific form.

  4. #4
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    Default Re: verb to noun

    Quote Originally Posted by nonsense View Post
    While the gerund can substitute for a noun, it is probably not the best choice to create a noun from a verb. "There has been a considerable expanding of the market" would be a gramatically correct sentence. However, as you've learned, the proper noun related to expand is expansion.

    If it is a larger word, you can often add -tion or -sion (sometimes -ation) to the end of the verb to create the noun. It will generally translate as "the act or process of {verb}".

    expand --- expansion
    relate --- relation
    complicate --- complication
    consider --- consideration
    substitute --- substitution
    apply --- application
    eliminate --- elimination
    infuse --- infusion
    create --- creation
    violate --- violation
    oblige --- obligation
    evaluate --- evaluation

    If possible, you should always look it up in the dictionary to make sure that it is valid and has the meaning you want.
    Thank you for your advice,

    do all nouns and adverbs appear in the dictionery including geround nouns?

    please advice

    Rinot

  5. #5
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    Default Re: verb to noun

    Any proper word should have it's own listing. That includes nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. Gerunds are not proper words, but inflected forms of a verb, so they will not have a separate listing.

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