On the other hand, a civil case is legal action that is started by a plaintiff, who claims to have received damages from a defendant's actions.
2. A civil case includes minor offences, such as...
Criminal cases deal with...
Criminal cases result in the government's prosecution in an effort to both punish the criminal, and to deter further criminal acts. Punishment for criminal cases includes fines and/or incarceration, depending on the crime.
In a criminal case, the crime victim cannot receive financial compensation from the defendant if the defendant is found guilty. If a crime victim feels that they are entitled to financial compensation for the crimes committed against them, they must pursue a separate civil action against the defendant.
In a civil case, however, if a defendant is found guilty, they will not face incarceration. Rather, the defendant will be required to repair the wrong they created.
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