Close but no cigar.
It is reported that two people were injured in the explosion.
It would be possible to say "have been" in place of "were," but doesn't it change the meaning of the sentence?
A friend of mine has been arrested. It is alleged that he hit a policeman.
It would be possible to say "has hit" in place of "hit," but doesn't it change the meaning of the sentence?
The meaning is changes in the first sentence with the shift of tenses, in my opinion.
The present perfect is more proximate in time to me. Futhermore, the simple past involves the possibility of their recoverance from the injury they sustained.
A friend of mine has been arrested. It is alleged that he hit a policeman
I expressed myself ineffectively.
It is reported that two people were injured in the explosion. -- not sure they are still injured
It is reported that two people have been injured in the explosion. -- still injured
Well, it is not a good pair of sentences to illustrate the difference between the two uses of tenses, but most of the time this distinction holds true. Reported sounds very immediate to the present time and we can not heal in one stroke.
Just to step back for a moment from the question of tense...
See above posts.2. It is not clear to me what form of a verb we should use:
It is reported that two people were injured in the explosion (is it possible to use have been injured here?)
A friend of mine has been arrested. It is alleged that he hit a policeman (could I say has hit?)
"It is supposed to" seems to me to be conflating the two constructions in your original question. We can say "it is supposed that [X did Y]" or "X is supposed to [have done Y]". (Of course X can also be "it", but I don't think that is what you meant.)3. Am I right that It is supposed to could be used as alternative to the other possible verbs without changing the meaning?
For an example: It is suppose (instead of reported) that two people were injured; it is supposed (instead of alleged) that he hit a policeman.
Thanks in advance!
It seems to me that these two are not quite synonymous, with each other or with your first examples. "He is supposed to have hit a policeman" is similar in meaning to, but less specific than, "reported". The "it is supposed that" construction is rather less usual, and suggests (to me) some kind of assumption or inference.
Last edited by orangutan; 11-Jun-2009 at 11:58. Reason: punctuation