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  1. #1
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    Default The difference between formal English and informal English

    I'm new in London and I don't know very much about how to use formal English well and the diffenerce between formal English and informal English.could sb give me some information about it,or give me a webpage or a website to find the differences between them.
    Thank you very much!

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    Default Re: The difference between formal English and informal Engli

    Quote Originally Posted by Penguin
    I'm new in London and I don't know very much about how to use formal English well and the diffenerce between formal English and informal English.could sb give me some information about it,or give me a webpage or a website to find the differences between them.
    Thank you very much!
    This is worth a read:

    http://website.lineone.net/~eshp/styles.htm

    Iain

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    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Here's one of the standard reference guides to style:
    http://www.bartleby.com/141/

    It's a very big subject, but here are a few pointers:
    Formal language doesn't use contractions.
    formal language uses fewer phrasal verbs.
    It uses more vocabulary derived from French and Latin (bigger words, basicall)
    It uses more past tenses (remote forms) of modal auxialiries. A formal instruction may well use 'should' instead of 'must.
    It uses more indirect language- the passive is more common, making it less personal.
    It uses more synonyms and doesn't repeat the same vocab as much.
    It is better organised and thought out.

    Here's one of my favourite articles about the language by one of its great writers:
    http://cscs.umich.edu/~crshalizi/Orw...d_english.html

    Hope that helps

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    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Inforaml English:

    uses contractions and changes words a lot in connected speech

    uses slang and forms that might be wrong in formal English

    is used mainly in spoken language, but also in emails (except many professional ones) and a lot of fiction

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    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: The difference between formal English and informal Engli

    Quote Originally Posted by Penguin
    I'm new in London and I don't know very much about how to use formal English well and the diffenerce between formal English and informal English.could sb give me some information about it,or give me a webpage or a website to find the differences between them.
    Thank you very much!
    In betwen the two, there's semi-formal English, which could be used in the media, for instance, which generally follows the grammar of formal English, but may use contractions, etc, and less formal vocabulary.

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    click Guest

    Default Re: The difference between formal English and informal Engli

    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    In betwen the two, there's semi-formal English, which could be used in the media, for instance, which generally follows the grammar of formal English, but may use contractions, etc, and less formal vocabulary.
    Could someone give a few examples of contractions, which are most often used in semi-formal language ? :)

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    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: The difference between formal English and informal Engli

    Quote Originally Posted by click
    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    In betwen the two, there's semi-formal English, which could be used in the media, for instance, which generally follows the grammar of formal English, but may use contractions, etc, and less formal vocabulary.
    Could someone give a few examples of contractions, which are most often used in semi-formal language ? :)
    will not = won't
    cannot = can't
    did not = didn't
    do not = don't
    I am = I'm
    you are = you're
    it is = it's

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  10. #10
    click Guest

    Default

    Thanks for your replies. :)

    If I write text and use "it's", then would it be inconsistent or wrong to use "they are" in same text ?

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