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Phrasal Verbs
A phrasal verb consists of a verb and a preposition or adverb that modifies or changes the meaning; 'give up' is a phrasal verb that means 'stop doing' something, which is very different from 'give'. The word or words that modify a verb in this manner can also go under...


Particles
A particle is a word that does not fit into the conventional grammatical categories the word 'to' can act as a preposition describing direction; she's gone to Antwerp. When 'to' is used with a verb in the infinitive, 'to abide' 'to do' etc., it is a particle, satisfying a grammatical...


Deontic Modality
When a modal verb is used to affect a situation, by giving permission, etc, this is deontic modality: You can go when you've finished. Here, the speaker is giving permission, so there is deontic modality used to control the situation. See also: Auxiliary Verb; Dynamic Modality; Ditransitive Verb; Dynamic Verb;...


Dynamic Modality
Dynamic modality does not express the speaker's opinion, nor does the speaker affect the situation: He can speak perfect French. Here, the speaker is describing a factual situation about the subject of the sentence. See also: Auxiliary Verb; Deontic Modality; Ditransitive Verb; Dynamic Verb; Epistemic Modality; Finite Verb; Inchoative Verb;...


 

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