Here's a handout I give to my students on how to use the Present Prefect tense.
• You use the present perfect (not the past simple) when talking about general experiences.
I've never been to Kyoto.
Have you seen this film?
Be careful! There is a difference between the participles been and gone.
Peter has been to Tanzania. (He went to Tanzania and now he's back.)
Peter has gone to Tanzania. (He's in Tanzania now.)
• You use the present perfect (not the past simple) to talk about recent past events, often with just, already, and yet.
I've just seen Stefan.
We've already told him.
Haven't you finished your homework yet?
• You use the present perfect (not the past simple or the present simple) to talk about an action that began in the past but is still going on now.
I've lived in Japan for ages.
I've known Stefan since last week.
• You use for to say how long an action has been going on and since to say when the action started.
They've lived in P.N.G. for two years. He's had a cold since Monday.
Categories: Lesson Plans & Handouts