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    [Grammar] upload sth by Friday or be uploaded by Friday

    Dear teachers, I'm not sure what construction to use when talking about deadlines for certain tasks. A) Please send in / upload your homework by Friday 10 o'clock. B) Your homework must be uploaded / sent in by Friday, 10 o'clock. The passive form B sounds more natural to me here because to...
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    [Grammar] In spite of us/our coming late to the party, we had a lot of fun.

    Dear teachers, is there a difference between: a) In spite of us coming late to the party, we had a lot of fun. b) In spite of our coming late to the party, we had a lot of fun. The possessive pronoun "our" in b) refers to the gerund "coming" and indicates that "coming late" somehow belonged...
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    [Idiom] Have school?

    In German we tend to use the word school "verb-like", as in: I've got school today. /-> to have school/ I wonder whether it is possible to use it in a similar way in English or whether I should use "classes" instead.
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    [Vocabulary] say or be written - word printed on a shirt

    Hello. In a cartoon we often have the situation that the people depicted there wear clothes on which meaningful words are printed. I'm not really sure how to talk about this. Do I say a) His hoodie says "Sheriff". b) On his hoodie "Sheriff" is written. Both versions sound strange to me. A...
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    [Vocabulary] Drawn in green or coloured in green?

    Dear teachers, I've got some trouble with "colours" and I can't find a satisfying answer in any of my dictionaries. When describing a drawing, colours should be mentioned as well, especially when their usage is of importance for the whole picture. Problem 1: The man in the picture is...
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    [Vocabulary] bad luck constructions

    Dear teachers, You can say: I'm lucky. But is it possible to say: I have luck? / He had very much luck, (because he wasn't hurt badly)." To me it sounds German... And what about "bad luck"? Can I say: I'm unlucky? or "I have had bad luck"? Thanks in advance!
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    [General] "List of figures" meaning of term

    I'm not really clear about the meaning of the term "list of figures". I've always been of the opinion that this term is something like a list of contents but only for figures. Fig. 1: Title ................................. p. 3 Fig. 2: Title.................................. p. 4 Now...
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    [Essay] Formulation of a title

    I'm currently writing a seminar paper about the decline of bird species in our gardens as a warning sign. Do I need to put in the word "the" in my title, like The Decline of Bird Species in Our Gardens as a Clear Warning Sign. Or would it also be possible to leave it out: Decline of Bird...
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    [Grammar] Subheadings after "Reasons For...."

    I'm going to write a seminar paper on obesity. One chapter will presumably be called "Reasons for the Worldwide Increase in Obesity". In its subchapters several reasons will be dealt with in detail. I don't really know how to formulate the headings of these subchapters. Is it very akward to use...
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    [Vocabulary] Fitting phrase or expression wanted

    Dear teachers, when doing geography you often come across countries or regions that are used to show the "manifestation" of a certain fact or development. Let's talk for example about the climate in higher regions. Then we could use the Alps as a ______ (= "example region") for that kind of...
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    [Grammar] Position of "lazily" as an adverb of manner

    Dear teachers, when doing an exercise on adverbs of manner and their position I came across the following sentence for which only one solution was given (a) a) There's probably nothing better than lying down lazily onto the sofa after work. Adverbs of manner can be put in mid-position as...
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    [Grammar] In / at / during / on a survival test

    Dear teachers, I'm looking for as many correct prepositions preceding the noun "survival test" as possible in the sentence below: Since Sarah was barefoot a) in b) at c) during d) on her survival test in the wilderness, she cut her feet a lot. Are all of them correct? If not, why not...
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    [Grammar] Past participle with or without "being"?

    Dear teachers, recently I came across the following problem concerning the use of participles. The original sentence is: The dog started to whine because it hadn't been fed in the morning. a) Not having been fed in the morning, the dog started to whine. b) Not being fed in the morning, the...
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    [Grammar] "Since" plus present tense possible?

    Dear teachers, I'm brooding about how to express the following fact: In Germany we usually take our Abitur (A-levels) after 8 years of grammar school. That's a fact. This, however, has not always been the case. About ten years ago the regulations were changed; before that we had to spend (at...
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    [Vocabulary] Must "first" be followed by "one" in a list?

    Dear teachers, there are three types of XY and I'd like to present them one after the other to an audience. Do I have to say: Mr P. distinguishes three types of XY. a) The first one is the hysterical..... Or can I omit the "one" and say: b) The first is the hysterical.... Thanks in advance
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    [Vocabulary] trouble with the word "percent"

    Dear teachers, if you want to talk about a particular percentage, let's imagine there are 10 bullies in a group of 100 pupils - how can you answer this question: Do all the pupils in the group bully others? No, they don't. a) It's only 10 percent of them that do so. b) Only 10 percent of...
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    [Grammar] The first type is vs. the first type are

    Good evening to everybody out there! I would be very grateful if you could help me here 'cause I've got a problem with the subject-verb-agreement in the following sentences: There are three types / kinds of parents. a) The first type / kind are the parents who always take their child to...
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    [Grammar] Cleft sentence usage of "to buy"

    Dear teachers, I'm pondering about a cleft-sentence...and the usage of "to buy". Usually you say: to buy sb. sth. or to buy sth. for sb. The example is: Henry bought his parents a new car in London. So I can say: -> It was Henry who bought his parents a car in London. -> It was...
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    [Vocabulary] meet each other and meet up

    Dear teachers, I wonder whether there is a difference between a) After the bell rang, the teachers met up in the staff room to talk about... b) After the bell rang, the teachers met each other in the staff room to .... b) sounds a little odd to me but I cannot tell why... Thanks in advance
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    [Vocabulary] Can I spend time IN THE NATURE?

    Dear teachers, I've just read a blog entry about the Germans' hobby of "spending time in the nature". The blog was written by an Australian woman who is currently spending her time in Germany. As far as I know, the noun "Nature" (referring to the natural world around us) is usually used...