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    #1

    infinitive or plural verb?

    It is important that Maria should send her resume immediately.

    Is 'send' in the sentence a bare infinitive or a plural verb?

    Many thanks.

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: infinitive or plural verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by Tan Elaine View Post
    It is important that Maria should send her resume immediately.

    Is 'send' in the sentence a bare infinitive or a plural verb?

    Many thanks.
    It's a bare infinitive.


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    #3

    Re: infinitive or plural verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by Tan Elaine View Post
    It is important that Maria should send her resume immediately.

    Is 'send' in the sentence a bare infinitive or a plural verb?

    Many thanks.
    Before getting down to the brass tasks, let us talk about this:
    The sentence is an It cleft. IT means the sentence is cleaved into two:

    It (empty subject without referent) is important (main clause) + Maria should send her a letter (sub clause).

    Let us get back to business.
    Take a look at the bolded sub clause:

    The V element is realized by a finite verb phrase in the subjunctive mood: 'should send'. The operator 'should' is the finite verb, so 'send' is non-finite.
    '(S)end' being non-finite (bare infinitive) means it does not show person. Consequently, there is no useful purpose in talking about its number, is has none. No plural, no singular.
    Note that the putative 'should' may be dropped, in which case 'send' becomes finite, and its number agrees with the 3rd person singular subject Maria.

  2. Raymott's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: infinitive or plural verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by Tan Elaine View Post
    It is important that Maria should send her resume immediately.

    Is 'send' in the sentence a bare infinitive or a plural verb?

    Many thanks.
    All modal verbs like "should, could, would, can ..." are followed by the bare infinitive. So you should never have to ask yourself whether the lack of an 's' makes it plural.
    I go, he goes, Maria goes, we go, they go.
    I should go, he should go, Maria should go, we should go, they should go.
    You'll notice that the forms of modal+bare infinitive are regular and invariant.

  3. engee30's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: infinitive or plural verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    Note that the putative 'should' may be dropped, in which case 'send' becomes finite, and its number agrees with the 3rd person singular subject Maria.
    Svartnik, you have forgotten to mention this - you can actually leave the verb send as is, making it the subjunctive instead of the indicative (ie with the inflected verb sends) in this case.


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    #6

    Re: infinitive or plural verb?

    The present subjunctive 'send' is finite because it shows tense (non-past), although it does not show person.

    The indicative 'sends' is finite too, and it shows both tense and person.

  4. engee30's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: infinitive or plural verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    The present subjunctive 'send' is finite because it shows tense (non-past), although it does not show person.
    As far as I know, the subjunctive doesn't carry a tense.


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    #8

    Re: infinitive or plural verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by engee30 View Post
    As far as I know, the subjunctive doesn't carry a tense.
    Yes. In present subjunctive and past subjunctive, present and past refers only to form and not tense. I was wrong. Thanks for bringing this up.

    eng, I think I have learnt something. Subjunctives are a distinct set of verb forms to express modality; they are inflections of the non-finite VP in non-finite subordinate clauses.

    EDIT: Or in main clauses: "Long live the king!"
    Last edited by svartnik; 18-Jul-2009 at 10:55.

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