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    intermarry/ conscription/ take up arms/ take the cudgels/ stupefied air

    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I’m right with my interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    "Yes, that is very true, Mercedes," replied the young man, "Yes, you have been cruelly frank with me; but do you forget that it is among the Catalans a sacred law to intermarry?"
    intermarry = to marry within one's family, tribe, or clan

    You are included in the conscription, Fernand, and are only at liberty on sufferance, liable at any moment to be called upon to take up arms. conscription = compulsory enrollment in military service
    take up arms = become involved in a conflict, either physical or verbal = to take the cudgels (in the sense of going to war)

    Fernand looked at them both with a stupefied air, but did not say a word.
    stupefied = as if struck dumb with astonishment and surprise/ in a state of mental numbness especially as resulting from shock
    air = personal bearing, appearance, or manner; mien
    as in "to assume an air of innocence"

    as in On his second turn, he bent over his daughter, who was watching this encounter with the stupefied air of an antiquated lamb, and said to her with a smile that was almost calm: "A baron like this gentleman, and a bourgeois like myself cannot remain under the same roof."

    Thank you for your efforts.



  1. konungursvia's Avatar
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    Re: intermarry/ conscription/ take up arms/ take the cudgels/ stupefied air

    You're right on all counts.

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