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  1. jeetu16
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    #1

    Usage of this word

    Hello mam/sir,
    I have a doubt. Where do I use the word "Toward" and "Towards"?
    My Eng teacher said that they both mean the same. How true is that? And please explain me about its usage.

  2. Soup's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Usage of this word

    From Lynch, Guide to Grammar and Style — T

    They're interchangeable. Toward is a little more common in America, and towards a little more common in Britain; but both forms are perfectly acceptable in either place. [Entry added 24 April 2006.]

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    From toward vs. towards - Wordsmith.org

    James J. Kilpatrick, in his book Fine Print, says there is no discernible difference between the two: the British prefer towards; American usage calls for toward. Fowler, however, has a more complicated answer. He notes differences in pronunciation and usage (adjective/preposition). Says use as adjective is obsolete and, as preposition, the -s form is the prevailing one, and the other tends to become literary on the one hand and provincial on the other.

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    From Online Etymology Dictionary

    Old English toweard "in the direction of," prepositional use of toweard (adj.) "coming, approaching," from to (see to) + -weard, from P.Gmc. *-warth, from PIE *wert "turn" (see -ward). Towards with adverbial genitive ending, was in Old English as toweards.

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    From American Heritage Dictionary

    USAGE NOTE: Some critics have tried to discern a semantic distinction between toward and towards, but the difference is entirely dialectal. Toward is more common in American English; towards is the predominant form in British English.

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    From towards; toward;

    I don't think I even notice whether I or another speaker is using the -s form or not. I'm sure I have slight a preference for the -s form as an adverb (in my mind, reserving the S-less form for adjectives ["forward movement"]), but I'm also sure that in my actual speech, the adverb comes out more or less at random either way.

  3. Soup's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Usage of this word

    For those interested, see also Toward(s) and Beside(s)

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