Student or Learner
Pls check this sentence and tell how many verbs are present in it. Also label the which part of speech is every word of the sentence.
Thinking about the contested election, Steven felt a sense of growing fear.
I have been told that there is only one verb, which is Felt.
It would be in 1. "Thinking about the contested election made Steven anxious." because here 'thinking' is a thing that causes something - it's a noun.
But the original means 2. "(While he was) thinking about the contested election, Steven felt a sense of growing fear."
I'd parse this as a present participle.
"Gerund (noun), Steven felt a sense of growing fear." doesn't seem right to me.
What is the part of speech of the following first words?
Smiling, she said hello.
Grunting loudly, he punched me in the stomach.
I'm sure they're not nouns (gerundive or otherwise).