Student or Learner
They've got one of those kids with nonstop questions.
She isn't one of those youths who are dependent on their parents.
Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary
He's one of those guys who seem to get off on making other people feel guilty.
Mosquito Bites: The Real Reason Some People Are Immune - WSJ.com
If you're one of those people whom mosquitoes tend to favor, maybe it's because you aren't sufficiently stressed-out.
mind - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online
He's one of those doctors who say you're not really sick and it's all in the mind.
Does each "one of those" mean the same thing as the others?
Yup, they are all the same, Daruma.