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    #1

    former/latter

    Is the use of "former" and "latter" correct in the paragraph below?

    The Council of Europe classified national sports legislation models as interventionist and non-interventionist in its 1999 study on sports legislation in Europe. The former feature “specific legislation on the structure and mandate of a significant part of the sports movement,” and are said to produce uniform regulation, better governance, more public accountability and less governing bodies. In contrast, under the latter, the general private law of associations governs sports federations, and these enjoy more freedom from state interference as a result. Such models are more adaptable to the particular needs of each sport, and maintain a stronger connection to the grassroots of the game.

    Is it clear that "such models" refers to non-interventionist models?

    Thanks a lot for the effort.

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    #2

    Re: former/latter

    Hi Jasmin165

    Try,
    In its 1999 study on sports legislation in Europe, the Council of Europe classified national sports legislation models as interventionist and non-interventionist. The former models feature “specific legislation on the structure and mandate of a significant part of the sports movement,” and are said to produce uniform regulation, better governance, more public accountability and less governing bodies. In contrast, under the latter, the general private law of associations governs sports federations, and for that reason enjoy more freedom from state interference as a result. As such, non-interventionist models are more adaptable to the particular needs of each sport, and maintain a stronger connection to the grassroots of the game.

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    #3

    Re: former/latter

    I think you forgot to delete "as a result" in the third sentence. "For that reason" and "as a result" express the same thing.

    And I think you misunderstood the third sentence. It is not the models that enjoy freedom from state interference; it is the sports federations. Compare my sentence with yours:

    In contrast, under the latter, the general private law of associations governs sports federations, and these enjoy more freedom from state interference as a result (mine).

    In contrast, under the latter, the general private law of associations governs sports federations, and for that reason enjoy more freedom from state interference as a result (yours).

    Or maybe you just forgot to write "they."

    Thanks for the effort.

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