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    • Join Date: Feb 2009
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    #1

    Exclamation tense

    Hello there.

    I have a question about the underlined sentence,

    why NOT "I had to stay home and studied for my exams" or "I will/would have to stay home and study for my exams"?


    I tried my best to persuade my father to let me go camping with my friends this weekend, but he said I have to stay home and study for my exams.


    Thank you.

  1. konungursvia's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: tense

    It's a question of subordination or parallelism between clauses. You can't make the act of asking Dad parallel to the obligation to stay home, it would imply the obligation was realized at the same time you asked, not after he answered.

    Same thing with "I had to stay home and study." Here, to stay home and to study are parallel and contemporaenous. "I had to" can't be matched in tense with "study" because this breaks the rule that only the first verb in a compound verb is tense-conjugated: I had to study, not I had to studied.

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: tense

    Quote Originally Posted by gchman View Post
    Hello there.

    I have a question about the underlined sentence,

    why NOT "I had to stay home and studied for my exams" or "I will/would have to stay home and study for my exams"?


    I tried my best to persuade my father to let me go camping with my friends this weekend, but he said I have to stay home and study for my exams.


    Thank you.
    "...he said I would have to stay home..." is ok, I think it's better than "...he said I have to stay home..." they could both be used though.

  3. konungursvia's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: tense

    ... "he said I had to stay home" is possibly the most natural.

  4. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: tense

    Quote Originally Posted by konungursvia View Post
    ... "he said I had to stay home" is possibly the most natural.
    Yes.


    • Join Date: Jul 2009
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    #6

    Re: tense

    Quote Originally Posted by gchman View Post
    Hello there.

    I have a question about the underlined sentence,

    why NOT "I had to stay home and studied for my exams" or "I will/would have to stay home and study for my exams"?


    I tried my best to persuade my father to let me go camping with my friends this weekend, but he said I have to stay home and study for my exams.


    Thank you.
    It's not "had to studied" for the same reason it's not "had to stayed home"

    Just "stay home" is the object of "have to", "study" is the object of "have to". Or depeding on your viewpoint, you could say "to stay" and "to study" are the objects of have.

    Here's a rewrite of your sentence to show this more clearly.

    I had to stay home, and I had to study.

    A verbal noun can be an ing form or an infinitive, but it can change form other than that, or else it can't be a verbal noun. Verbal nouns can be both objects and subjects.

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