# Thread: "So" v.s. "So that"

1. ## "So" v.s. "So that"

I am facing troubles with "So" and "So that". I found a quiz, where I was successful in 33% of the questions. Can somebody explain how to use "so" and "so that" ? Thanks!

2. ## Re: "So" v.s. "So that"

Originally Posted by alexander62
I am facing troubles with "So" and "So that". I found a quiz, where I was successful in 33% of the questions. Can somebody explain how to use "so" and "so that" ? Thanks!
"So that" opens a subordinate clause that offers to explain or show a purpose.

"So" opens an independent clause that reports a result or a consequence.

- He raised his voice so that the rescuers would hear him.
This describes his purpose in raising his voice -- in order to be heard.

- He raised his voice, so the rescuers heard him.
This describes the result of his raising his voice -- therefore he was heard.

- LaToya studied hard so that she would get an A in geometry.
This describes her purpose in studying hard -- in order to get an A.

- LaToya studied hard, so she got an A in geometry.
This describes the consequence of studying hard -- therefore she got an A.

3. ## Re: "So" v.s. "So that"

Originally Posted by Ann1977
"So that" opens a subordinate clause that offers to explain or show a purpose.

"So" opens an independent clause that reports a result or a consequence.

- He raised his voice so that the rescuers would hear him.
This describes his purpose in raising his voice -- in order to be heard.

- He raised his voice, so the rescuers heard him.
This describes the result of his raising his voice -- therefore he was heard.

- LaToya studied hard so that she would get an A in geometry.
This describes her purpose in studying hard -- in order to get an A.

- LaToya studied hard, so she got an A in geometry.
This describes the consequence of studying hard -- therefore she got an A.
Of course, for the 'purpose' sentences you can also say:
- He raised his voice so the rescuers would hear him.
- LaToya studied hard so she would get an A in geometry.

That is, "that" can be removed in the first form, and be implicit. So this makes it harder.
However, in the second form, "that" cannot be included.
The comma is a help in the second form.

But the distinction between consequence and purpose should be useful.

4. ## Re: "So" v.s. "So that"

Originally Posted by alexander62
Can somebody explain how to use "so" and "so that" ? Thanks!
Another use of 'so' is before the verbs 'have', 'be' or 'do', and other auxiliary verbs to express the meaning 'in the same way' or 'in a similar way'
I'm allergic to smoking. So is my brother.
John left just after the meeting and so did Peter.

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