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    #1

    a relative clause or a parenthesis?

    With a huge military parade planned for Thursday, the city has been awash in heavily armed security officers and volunteers, many of them retirees dressed in yellow golf shirts who stand sentinel on nearly every street corner.-----taken from New York Times
    Dear teachers,

    When I ran into the above, I am confused about it construction. Could you please tell me whether the chunk in red is a unrestrictive relative clause or a parenthesis? Whether a "are" is omitted between "many of them" and "retirees"? Thanks in advance.


    LQZ

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    #2

    Re: a relative clause or a parenthesis?

    Quote Originally Posted by LQZ View Post
    Dear teachers,

    When I ran into the above, I am confused about it construction. Could you please tell me whether the chunk in red is a unrestrictive relative clause or a parenthesis? Whether a "are" is omitted between "many of them" and "retirees"? Thanks in advance.


    LQZ
    1. A parenthesis occurs within a sentence, not at the end of it. At least, that is how I have always used the term in grammar.

    The city has been awash in heavily armed security officers and volunteers - many of them retirees dressed in yellow golf shirts who stand sentinel on nearly every street corner - for the huge military parade planned for Thursday.

    2. A parenthetical structure can be (almost) any grammatical structure. "Parenthesis" merely explains where it is positioned, and that is an afterthought, or an interpolated piece of information.
    The term "almost" is my sentence above is an adverb. It is also parenthetical. The terms describe different things - one has no bearing on the other.
    The phrase in red is a relative clause. It is parenthetical in my awkward rephrasing, but not in the original.

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    #3

    Re: a relative clause or a parenthesis?

    Thank you, I got it.

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