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  1. #1

    I remain, &c,

    hello,
    I found this phrase "I remain, &c," at the end of a formal letter. What does it exactly mean? why the symbol & is used? what does "c" stand for?
    I predict it means something like faithfully but I want to learn the details if possible and also is it OK just to write "I remain," without &c, ?
    also is there a sourcebook where I can learn about these interesting and strange things in English?
    thanks in advance

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: I remain, &c,

    Quote Originally Posted by light View Post
    hello,
    I found this phrase "I remain, &c," at the end of a formal letter. What does it exactly mean? why the symbol & is used? what does "c" stand for?
    I predict it means something like faithfully but I want to learn the details if possible and also is it OK just to write "I remain," without &c, ?
    also is there a sourcebook where I can learn about these interesting and strange things in English?
    thanks in advance
    You can't use "I remain" with nothing following. "I remain &c". is a rather unecessary form of "I remain etc." which, in itself is a bit abrupt as an abbreviation for "I remain yours faithfully".

  3. #3

    Re: I remain, &c,

    thank you for the explanation. so &c means etc.
    many of the 18th century letters were closed liked this.

    by the way, is it also possible to end a letter saying "so says"?
    what does it mean? is it formal or informal?

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