I think you can wait for a response from a native teacher to be absolutely sure.1. The sense of smell of geese represents the wise man who knows of other men by their good or bad reputation. Is know of a phrasal verb here? If so, what does it mean? What does it mean if there is no of?
You know of me but you never met me. (This means you have heard of me and can be able to give some information about me, but not very much) You know this to be right. = You have full knowledge of this which is established or fixed to your mind or memory) The example sentence without ‘of’ will be: who knows other men by their good or bad reputation= who can distinguish the good and the bad from their available reports only, nothing more.
2. Stone walls do not a prison make. Prison make? generally we use phrases such as stone make or iron make.. but what does this mean? Does the sentence mean Stone walls do not make a prison?
This is the extract of an article obtained from the relevant website:stone walls do not a prison make
The horrors of Connecticut1 s maximum-security at Simsbury were notorious even abroad. Yet time and again its inmates proved that, with a clever escape plan,
It means even the prison cell absolutely secured by stone walls can not prevent the inmate to escape.
3. The earth revolves round/around the sun. Which is correct? round or around, and why?
Both are correct and have the same meaning. ‘around’ is AmE and ‘round’ is BrE. Since in India we usually follow BrE some say ‘round’ is correct.
4. We cannot pump the Ocean dry. Shouldn't correct thing be pump out instead of pump?
Yes, you are right, the verb ‘pump’ is normally followed by a preposition; as:
The heart pumps blood through the arteries to every part of the body.
The oil is pumped into storage tanks
5. A barking sound the shepherd hears. What is the rule based on which this sentence is structured this way?
This is spoken or informal English. The formal/written English is: Subject + verb + object.
Thanks for your help
Student or Learner