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    abject/ abjure /abase / abhor

    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I am on the right track by the interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    From the safe shore their floating carcasses and broken chariot wheels; so thick bestrown abject and lost lay these, covering the flood.

    abject = cast down, low-lying

    And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams.

    Howard was an abject liar

    abject = degraded; servile; groveling; despicable.

    He was reduced to abject poverty.

    They survived in abject poverty.

    abject poverty = extreme/utter/bitter poverty

    Nothing more than a nominal dignity was left to the abject heirs of an illustrious name.

    abject heirs = desolated heirs, abandoned heirs

    Magic I here abjure

    He abjured the Protestant faith and became King in 1594.

    I must die rather than abjure a single article of my creed.

    I sincerely join you in abjuring all political connection with every foreign power.

    abjure =to renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject

    Saying so, he abased his lance.

    abase = to lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye

    Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased.

    abase = to cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank

    You have abased yourself by stealing from a poor old man.

    abase = degrade

    He abhors being idle.

    She abhors his smoking.

    So they abhored war.

    I abhor such talk.

    abhor = despise, canít bear, hate,canít stand it

    Thank you for your efforts.



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    Re: abject/ abjure /abase / abhor

    I may be guilty of "skimming" in this instance, but they all seem fine to me. I would reserve the use of "abhor" to something truly horrific. One may abhor war, but you had better show that in more than simple words. To abhor something is to truly be - abhorrent - there seems to be no other word - of it. It is an extreme, and should be reserved to such instances of extreme situation. We all "hate" child abuse but to say we "abhor" it, is to suggest we really do something about it, or that it really affects our every waking and dreaming hour
    . I doubt we do, really?


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